Copyright Pointers for Contributors
A key element of this project is to promote sharing and reuse of teaching material among educators. In order to lower the barriers raised by copyright and the associated confusion over whether "fair use" applies. We strive to offer all the materials in our shared collection under a license that explicitly allows for this sort of reuse. This Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Share-Alike license allows for reuse of materials on the site as long as attribution is given to the original author, derivative works are offered up in a similarly free manner, and the material isn't used for a commercial purpose (e.g. included within a textbook that is offered for sale).
Instructions for Uploading Materials to the SERC Site
Distributing information on the web generally requires the permission of the copyright holder -- usually the original creator. The file upload form will ask for information about the reuse and provenance of materials uploaded to the site. This helps you follow the rules and also helps visitors to this site understand the ways in which they may (legally) use what they find.
If you created the file (and haven't signed away your copyright) then we'd encourage you to select the CC non-commercial attribution share-alike option. You'll retain the copyright to your file and can do as you please with it in the future. Through this choice you are also explicitly allowing others to reuse that file as long as they give you attribution, and don't use it for commercial purposes.
If the file (or content within it) was created by others you'll need their permission. If it predates 1923 or was created by a U.S federal employee (as part of their job) it is likely in the public domain (and we can all do as we choose with it). The original author may also have explicitly stated how it may be reused (e.g. through a creative commons license). You can describe the licensing/reuse situation in the box on the upload form.
Without permission you should not upload the file. There are several options in this case:
- You can contact the original author to get permission.
- You can provide a link to (or a description of how to get) the original material rather than uploading it here.
- You can find a substitute that isn't encumbered by copyright.
- You can create a substitute yourself. Remember, ideas can't be copyrighted, only particular expressions of those ideas. Of course you'll want to give credit the original author.
The Standford Copyright and Fair Use Center has more good information about copyright as it applies to academic settings.
Google Earth - every image must have the Google Earth logo plus the contributing partners (e.g., DigitalGlobe, TerraMetrics, SPOT image) for the particular image (and this changes with both location and image extent). This all has to be readable on the image itself, it can't be just in a caption. Google Earth does not fall under the creative commons license.
NASA images can be used for free but you do have to provide credit. Every mission has its own required credits, most of which go beyond just crediting NASA. The image itself does not have to have the credits on it the way Google Earth images do - a credit in the caption is fine.
What did all that mean? Questions and Answers
- Does this mean I'm giving up my copyright/ownership of what I contribute?
- No. Contributors to these collections retain their copyright of the things they contributed. They are free to do whatever they like with their materials (e.g. including it in a textbook for sale). The license contributors are agreeing to simply outlines the limits of what we can do with the materials (and by extension what people who find the materials through the collection can do,without have to go back to the author and ask for broader permissions).
- Can I include the funny cartoon/useful figure I always use with my students? I copied it out of a book, but I'm an educator and that's fair use isn't it?
- Probably not (unless you drew the cartoon/useful figure yourself). While it may be fair use to use some copyrighted materials in the context of your own classroom, it's much less clear once you start distributing the material beyond your own students. Please don't upload those sorts of materials to this site. Often you can find substitutes unencumbered by copyright or simply provide a link to the original material (or a description of how to get a hold of it) rather than including the material itself.
- But I gave attribution to the original source. Doesn't that mean I can include it?
- Unfortunately not. While notions of academic honesty and the importance of attribution for establishing the intellectual provenance of work are central to academic work they have no bearing when it comes to copyright (at least in the U.S.). If you don't have permission from the copyright holder citing them (regardless of how accurately and prominently you do it) won't magically give you permission.