SERC > SERC Staff and Collaborators > Carol Ormand

Carol Ormand

Science Education and Research Associate

Science Education Resource Center, Carleton College
608-213-1618; cormand@carleton.edu
Download my curriculum vitae (Acrobat (PDF) 144kB Dec18 12)

What I Do * Background * Education * Publications

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What I Do

Overview

My work at SERC has several components, each of which supports SERC's overall mission: improving science education at the college and university level. These components are:

  1. Conducting research on learning (specifically, on spatial thinking) in the undergraduate science classroom;
  2. Evaluating geoscience education research projects;
  3. Developing curricular materials that incorporate what we know from research on learning; and
  4. Faculty professional development.

Research on Spatial Thinking

Since 2008, I've been involved in research on spatial thinking in the geosciences. This research has led to some exciting opportunities, including leading a workshop, with Eric Riggs, on Spatial Reasoning in the Geosciences at the 2016 Earth Educators' Rendezvous, co-convening the 2013 Hedberg Conference on 3D Structural Geologic Interpretation, and co-convening the 2012 On the Cutting Edge Spatial Thinking Journal Club.

Go to http://serc.carleton.edu/getspatial/index.html
GET Spatial Learning Network
The Geoscience Education Transdisciplinary Spatial Learning Network is a collaboration of cognitive psychologists, education researchers, and geoscience educators working to develop educational tools that can help students, across classroom and field settings, to better understand and build upon historically difficult geoscience concepts. We expect that this research will improve retention and learning in geosciences, and will also inform efforts to improve learning in the other Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM) domains that require spatial thinking.
Go to http://serc.carleton.edu/spatialworkbook/index.html
Spatial Thinking Workbook
I am the lead PI on the Spatial Thinking Workbook project (with co-PIs Basil Tikoff and Tim Shipley). Working with geoscience faculty members and a team of cognitive scientists, we have developed a suite of curricular materials to improve spatial thinking skills in upper-level undergraduate geoscience courses.
SILC: the Spatial Intelligence and Learning Center
Basil, Tim and I are also involved in research through SILC (the Spatial Intelligence and Learning Center). For this project, we are investigating the breadth of spatial thinking skills and characterizing their development in individuals ranging from novices to experts. This has led to developing two instruments for assessing geoscience students' spatial thinking skills: the Geologic Block Cross-sectioning Test and the Crystal Slicing Test. Email me if you are interested in using either of these instruments to assess your students' spatial skills.

Evaluating Geoscience Education Research

Field based professional development for Environmental-STEM (ESTEM) undergraduates
This project reimagines the traditional geology field course as a professional development experience to address the emergence of new "environmental" geoscience tracks at many 4YCUs. Existing STEM retention and diversity programs have recognized access to field and professional experiences as critical to helping students identify as scientists, form networks, and gain important skills necessary for employment in a variety of public and private sectors. The goal of this project is to engage a diverse cohort of Environmental-STEM (ESTEM) track undergraduates at 4-year colleges and universities (4YCUs) and community colleges (2YCs) in hands-on, career-applicable experiences that will launch students into the geoscience workforce. My role is to collect and analyze the data that will allow us to measure the success of the project in achieving these goals.

Curriculum Development

Go to http://serc.carleton.edu/landform/index.html
WILSIM-GC: Web-based Interactive Simulation Model of the Grand Canyon
WILSIM-GC is an interactive computer simulation designed to help undergraduate students understand and visualize the geologic processes that interacted to form the Grand Canyon over the past 10 million years. I am building the project website and am involved in developing the inquiry-based curricular materials that will accompany the model.
Go to http://serc.carleton.edu/neotoma/index.html
Neotoma
Neotoma is a Paleoecology Database. I am helping organize a workshop to develop teaching activities that use the database to understand the effects of climate change on plant and animal distributions.

Faculty Professional Development

Go to http://serc.carleton.edu/sage2yc/index.html
SAGE 2YC: Faculty as Change Agents
SAGE 2YC: Supporting and Advancing Geoscience Education in Two-Year Colleges laid the groundwork for the SAGE 2YC: Faculty as Change Agents project. Two-year colleges (2YCs) play crucial roles in meeting the nation's geoscience and STEM workforce needs and in increasing public scientific literacy. 2YCs enroll over 45% of all U.S. undergraduates and serve a large number of women, minority, and first-generation college students. In addition, the 2YC teaching environment is one of the most challenging as community colleges are primarily open-access intuitions that serve an extremely diverse student body; teaching loads are heavy; there is an increasing use of adjunct faculty; and there is limited support for participation in professional development activities, widely recognized as the source for many critical improvements for improving student learning. The SAGE 2YC project seeks to make an impact in this important area by building a national network of self-sustaining local communities of 2YC geoscience faculty and administrators who use evidence-based strategies to improve all students' academic success, broaden participation, and facilitate students' professional pathways into the STEM workforce. I am the project manager.
Go to http://serc.carleton.edu/departments/index.html
Building Strong Geoscience Departments
I was a co-PI on the Building Strong Geoscience Departments project. My responsibilities included developing our online collections of resources and facilitating the associated workshops.
Go to http://serc.carleton.edu/NAGTWorkshops/index.html
On the Cutting Edge
I started working for SERC in the fall of 2005. I had been a visiting assistant professor at a couple of small liberal arts colleges for the previous five years, so I was well-prepared for my first assignment: developing websites of resources for Early Career Faculty in the Geosciences and for graduate students and postdocs Preparing for an Academic Career in the Geosciences. Other websites I've developed for this project include the Role of Metacognition in Learning, Developing Student Understanding of Complex Systems in the Geosciences, Teaching About Rates and Time, and Spatial Thinking in the Geosciences. I also help facilitate the associated Cutting Edge workshops. In particular, I have supported the On the Cutting Edge annual workshops for Early Career Faculty in the Geosciences and for graduate students and postdocs Preparing for an Academic Career in the Geosciences about a half-dozen times each. I have also helped facilitate several of the topical workshops and online journal clubs, and have co-convened some of the topical workshops.
Go to https://serc.carleton.edu/teaching_computation/index.html
Developing Competency in Teaching Computation using MATLAB
I helped facilitate workshops in 2015 and 2017 for faculty working to strengthen undergraduate students' computation skills, particularly using MATLAB. The 2017 workshop brought together faculty from across the STEM disciplines.
Go to http://serc.carleton.edu/K8GeoTeachers/index.html
Transforming Geoscience Preparation for K-8 Pre-Service Teachers
I helped organize a 2016 workshop bringing together science and education faculty involved in science teacher preparation programs and in-service science teachers. I also built the associated Transforming Geoscience Preparation for K-8 Pre-Service Teachers project website, hosting materials for faculty in science teacher preparation programs and materials for K-8 teachers.
Go to http://serc.carleton.edu/integrate/workshops/programs2012/index.html
Programs that Bring Together Geoscience and Sustainability
The InTeGrate project supports the teaching of geoscience in the context of societal issues. I helped facilitate the May 2012 InTeGrate workshop on Programs that Bring Together Geoscience and Sustainability. This workshop built on outcomes from some of the program-level Building Strong Geoscience Departments workshops.

Background

Science Education Resource Center, Carleton College, Northfield, MN, 2005-present
Visiting Assistant Professor, Wittenberg University, Springfield, OH, 2002-2005
Visiting Assistant Professor, St. Norbert College, De Pere, WI, 2000-2002
Graduate Assistant, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, 1992-2000
Adjunct Instructor, Carleton College, Northfield, MN, 1997

Education

Ph. D. in Structural Geology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, 2000

  • Outstanding Teaching Assistant Award, Dept. of Geology & Geophysics

B. A. in Mathematics, Carleton College, Northfield, MN, 1989

  • Graduated Cum Laude; Member, Sigma Xi (Scientific Honor Society)

Publications and Presentations

Geoscience Education

In press

  • Ormand, Carol J., Thomas F. Shipley, Basil Tikoff, Barbara Dutrow, Laurel Goodwin, Thomas A. Hickson, Kinnari Atit, Kristin Michod Gagnier, and Ilyse Resnick. The Spatial Thinking Workbook: A Research-Validated Spatial Skills Curriculum for Geology Majors. Accepted for publication in the Journal of Geoscience Education.

In review

  • Gold, Anne, Philip Pendergast, Carol J. Ormand, Jennifer Stempien, Jennifer Stroh, Alyssa Quintanilla, David A. Budd, and Karl Mueller. Spatial Skills in Undergraduate Students: influence of gender, motivation, academic training, and childhood play. Submitted to the Journal of Research in Science Teaching.
  • Luo, Wei, Thomas J. Smith, Kyle Whalley, Andrew Darling, Carol Ormand, Wei-Chen Hung, Jui-Ling Chiang, Jon Pelletier, and Kirk Duffin. Earth surface modeling for education: How effective is it? Four semesters of classroom tests with WILSIM-GC. Submitted to the Journal of the Learning Sciences.

In preparation

  • Ormand, Carol J., Thomas F. Shipley, Basil Tikoff, and Cathryn A. Manduca. Developing a Valid, Reliable Psychometric Test of Visual Penetrative Ability: The Geologic Block Cross-sectioning Test. In preparation for submission to the Journal of Geoscience Education.

2017

Publications

Presentations

  • Beane, Rachel J., R. Heather Macdonald, Richelle M. Allen-King, Tessa M. Hill, Carol J. Ormand, Sarah Penniston-Dorland, Barbara J. Tewksbury, and Richard F. Yuretich (2017). Workshop for Early Career Geoscience Faculty: Teaching, Research, and Managing One's Career: Geological Society of America annual meeting (Seattle, WA). See abstract.
  • Baer, Eric M. D., Robert H. Blodgett, Norlene R. Emerson, Jan Hodder, John R. McDaris, Heather Macdonald, Carol J. Ormand (2017). Adapting and Extending the On the Cutting Edge Model of Professional Development to Bring Workshops to Two-Year College Faculty: Geological Society of America annual meeting (Seattle, WA). See abstract.
  • Dutrow, Barbara L. and Carol J. Ormand (2017). Developing Spatial and Penetrative Thinking Skills Through Technology: Goldschmidt Conference (Paris, France). See abstract.
  • Iverson, Ellen, John McDaris, Carol Ormand, and R. Heather Macdonald (2017). Supporting and Advancing Geoscience Education in Two-Year Colleges (SAGE 2YC): Building a Foundation for Change through a Network of Regional Communities of Practice: Earth Educators' Rendezvous (Albuquerque, NM). See abstract.
  • LeMay, Lynsey E., Robyn Wright Dunbar, Sue C. Ebanks, Lisa A. Gilbert, R. Heather Macdonald, Carol J. Ormand, Catherine Riihimaki, Gary S. Weissmann (2017). Preparing for an Academic Career in the Geosciences Workshop: A Success of the On the Cutting Edge Program: Geological Society of America annual meeting (Seattle, WA). See abstract.
  • Macdonald, R. Heather, Eric M. D. Baer, Debra Bragg, Pamela Eddy, Norlene R. Emerson, Yi Hao, Jan Hodder, Ellen Iverson, John R. McDaris, and Carol J. Ormand (2017). Student Success in Geoscience: A SAGE 2YC Perspective: Geological Society of America annual meeting (Seattle, WA). See abstract.
  • McDaris, John R., Eric M. D. Baer, R. Heather Macdonald, Carol J. Ormand, Jan Hodder, Norlene R. Emerson (2017). The SAGE 2YC Website: Updated Content to Support 2YC Faculty as Agents of Change: Geological Society of America annual meeting (Seattle, WA). See abstract.
  • Ormand, Carol J., Eric M. D. Baer, Debra Bragg, Pamela Eddy, Norlene R. Emerson, Yi Hao, Jan Hodder, Ellen Iverson, and R. Heather Macdonald (2017). The Inventory of Educational Practices and the Inventory of Geoscience Department and Program Practices: Two New Instruments in Development from the SAGE 2YC Project: Geological Society of America annual meeting (Seattle, WA). See abstract.
  • Petcovic, Heather L., Laura Tinigin, Allen Pope, Natalie Bursztyn, Carol J. Ormand, and Nicole LaDue (2017). PIXELS: How Classroom-Based and Field-Based Learning Impact Students' Sense of Scale and Understanding of Remote Sensing Imagery: Geological Society of America annual meeting (Seattle, WA). See abstract.

2016

Publications

  • Gagnier, Kristin Michod, Thomas F. Shipley, Basil Tikoff, Carol J. Ormand, Kinnari Atit, Ilyse Resnick, and Bridget Garnier (2016). Training Spatial Skills in Geosciences: A Review of Tests and Tools. AAPG Memoir 111: 3-D Structural Interpretation: Earth, Mind, and Machine.
  • Krantz, Robert W., Carol J. Ormand, and Brett Freeman, eds. (2016). AAPG Memoir 111: 3-D Structural Interpretation: Earth, Mind, and Machine.
  • Krantz, Robert W., Carol J. Ormand, and Brett Freeman (2016). Earth, Mind, and Machine: a Summary of the 2013 AAPG Hedberg Conference on 3D Structural Interpretation.
  • Luo, Wei, Jon Pelletier, Kirk Duffin, Carol Ormand, Wei-chen Hung, David J. Shernoff, Xiaoming Zhai, Ellen Iverson, Kyle Whalley, Courtney Gallaher, and Walter Furness (2016). Advantages of computer simulation in enhancing students' learning about landform evolution: A case study using the Grand Canyon. Journal of Geoscience Education: v. 64, n. 1, pp. 60-73.
  • Petcovic, Heather L., Carol J. Ormand, and Robert W. Krantz (2016). Earth, Mind, and Paper: Field Sketches as Expert Representations of the Hat Creek Fault Zone. AAPG Memoir 111: 3-D Structural Interpretation: Earth, Mind, and Machine.

Presentations

  • Atkins, Rachel M., Karen S. McNeal, Carol J. Ormand, and Thomas F. Shipley (2016). Student Visual Navigation of Geologic Block Diagrams: Implications for Teaching Spatial Skills in the Undergraduate Classroom: Geological Society of America annual meeting (Denver, CO). See abstract.
  • Atit, Kinnari, Carol J. Ormand, Thomas F. Shipley, Basil Tikoff, Barbara Dutrow, Laurel Goodwin, Thomas A. Hickson, Kristin Michod Gagnier, and Ilyse Resnick (2016). Does context matter? Investigating the improvement of domain-general vs. domain-specific spatial skills in upper level geology courses: Spatial Cognition conference (Philadelphia, PA).
  • Baer, Eric M.D., Norlene R. Emerson, Jan Hodder, R. Heather Macdonald, John R. McDaris, and Carol J. Ormand (2016). Community College Geoscience Faculty as Change Agents: Geological Society of America annual meeting (Denver, CO). See abstract.
  • Emerson, Norlene R., Eric M.D. Baer, R. Heather Macdonald, Carol J. Ormand, Karen M. Layou, and Jan Hodder (2016). Supporting Geoscience Students Through the 2YC to 4YCU Transfer Process: Geological Society of America annual meeting (Denver, CO). See abstract.
  • Garnier, Bridget C., Maria Chang, Carol J. Ormand, Basil Tikoff, and Thomas F. Shipley (2016). CogSketch worksheets: Promoting sketching in the geosciences with interactive technology: Earth Educators' Rendezvous (Madison, WI). See abstract.
  • Garnier, Bridget C., Maria D. Chang, Carol J. Ormand, Bryan Matlen, Thomas F. Shipley, and Basil Tikoff (2016). Promoting Sketching in Introductory Geoscience Courses: An Interdisciplinary Approach to Designing and Developing CogSketch Geoscience Worksheets: Geological Society of America annual meeting (Denver, CO). See abstract.
  • Gold, Anne, Philip Pendergast, Jennifer Stempien, and Carol Ormand (2016). The Importance of Spatial Reasoning Skills in Undergraduate Geology Students and the Effect of Weekly Spatial Skill Trainings: European Geosciences Union General Assembly (Vienna, Austria). See abstract.
  • Gold, Anne U., Philip Pendergast, Carol J. Ormand, David Budd, Karl Mueller, and Katherine Kravitz (2016). The Importance of Spatial Reasoning Skills in Undergraduate Geology Students and the Effect of Weekly Spatial Skill Trainings - With a Specific Focus on the Gender Gap: Geological Society of America annual meeting (Denver, CO). See abstract.
  • Krantz, Bob, Carol J. Ormand, and Brett Freeman (2016). Learning From the 2013 3-D Interpretation AAPG Hedberg Conference: How Geoscientists See 3-D: AAPG Annual Convention (Calgary, Alberta, Canada).
    Geologists as a group have and use above-average spatial thinking skills to interpret and communicate complex geologic structures. Interpretation challenges, especially with petroleum industry subsurface targets, come from abundant but still ambiguous data volumes, challenging geologic forms, powerful but difficult-to-learn software, and under-prepared staff.

    In June of 2013, 70 participants met in Reno to discuss these and related issues, and to explore how spatial cognitive science can help us better understand and develop geologic interpretation skills, software tools, and education strategies. Industry interpreters and trainers, academic structural geologists, software developers, and cognitive scientists brought complementary perspectives to three days of presentations, posters, and discussions, plus a field day with interactive interpretation modules. This Hedberg conference provided new shared insights to the interpretation process, ideas for improving skill development, and abundant opportunities for further collaboration.

    In 2016 AAPG will publish a special volume based on the Hedberg conference, with contributions from 20 conference participants and other co-authors. The volume provides a uniquely broad range of perspectives on 3D geologic interpretation with sections that focus on (1) spatial thinking, geologic cognition, and visualization, (2) subsurface geologic interpretation, (3) fault systems in 3D and 4D, and (4) geologic interpretation training. In addition to summarizing and expanding on material presented during the Hedberg, the volume presents results from research conducted at the conference.

    Some key findings from the conference have significance for improving industry interpretation practices, and training new interpreters. Subsurface and outcrop interpretation present different but related challenges for spatial thinking, and provide insights to different types of cognitive abilities. Thus the transition from academic experience for most industry new hires requires a shift in 3D geologic thinking. Novices and experts use different skills and strategies, and these differences should be reflected in training strategies. Interpretation methods, including software, can be improved to both ease cognitive challenges and improve interpretation quality.
  • Macdonald, R. Heather, Eric M.D. Baer, Norlene R. Emerson, Jan Hodder, John R. McDaris, Carol J. Ormand, Pamela Eddy, Debra Bragg, Ellen Iverson, and Heather McCambly (2016). Working for Systemic Change in Geoscience Programs in Two-Year Colleges: Geological Society of America annual meeting (Denver, CO). See abstract.
  • Ormand, Carol J., Thomas F. Shipley, and Basil Tikoff (2016). Ten Years of SILC Research on Spatial Thinking and Learning in Geoscience: What We've Learned and Produced: Geological Society of America annual meeting (Denver, CO). See abstract.
  • Ormand, Carol J., Thomas F. Shipley, Basil Tikoff, Barbara L. Dutrow, Laurel B. Goodwin, Thomas A. Hickson, Kinnari R. Atit, Kristin Michod Gagnier, and Ilyse Resnick (2016). The Spatial Thinking Workbook: Developing Students' Spatial Thinking Skills in Upper-Level Undergraduate Geology Courses Through Curricular Materials Based on Cognitive Science Research: Geological Society of America annual meeting (Denver, CO). See abstract.
  • Petcovic, Heather L., Laura Tinigin, Allen Pope, Natalie Bursztyn, Carol J. Ormand, and Nicole LaDue (2016). PIXELS: Comparing Classroom-Based and Field-Based Learning to Investigate Students' Concepts of Pixels and Sense of Scale: Geological Society of America annual meeting (Denver, CO). See abstract.

Jump down to 2014 * 2013 * 2012 * 2011 * 2010 * 2009 * 2008 * 2007 and prior

2015

Publications

  • Newcombe, Nora, Steven M. Weisberg, Kinnari Atit, Matthew E. Jacovina, Carol J. Ormand, and Thomas F. Shipley (2015). The Lay of the Land: Sensing and Representing Topography: The Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic, and Communication, v. 10: Perspectives on Spatial Cognition, n. 1, pp. 1-57.

Presentations

  • Gagnier, Kristin Michod, Kinnari Atit, Carol J. Ormand, and Thomas F. Shipley (2015). Sketching to support student comprehension of 3-dimensional diagrams: Diagrams as Vehicles for Scientific Reasoning Conference (Pittsburgh, PA).
  • Gold, Anne, Jennifer Stempien, Carol Ormand, David Budd, Karl Mueller, Katherine Kravitz, Alyssa Quintanilla, and Jennifer Stroh (2015). Differences in Spatial Reasoning Skills in Undergraduate Geology Students and the Effect of Weekly Spatial Skill Trainings: Earth Educators' Rendezvous (Boulder, CO).
  • Luo, Wei, Jon Pelletier, Kirk Duffin, Carol J. Ormand, Wei-Chen Hung, Ellen Iverson, Xiaoming Zhai, Kyle Whalley, Courtney Gallaher, Walter Furness, and David Shernoff (2015). Computer Simulation Significantly Enhances Students' Learning of Landform Evolution: AAG (Chicago, IL).
  • Luo, Wei, Jon Pelletier, Kirk Duffin, Carol J. Ormand, Wei-Chen Hung, Ellen Iverson, David Shernoff, Xiaoming Zhai, Kyle Whalley, Courtney Gallaher, and Walter Furness (2015). Web-based Interactive Landform Simulation Model - Grand Canyon (WILSIM-GC) and Its Advantages in Enhancing Students' Learning: CSDMS Annual Meeting (Boulder, CO)
  • Ormand, Carol, Thomas F. Shipley, Barbara Dutrow, Laurel Goodwin, Thomas A. Hickson, Basil Tikoff, Kinnari Atit, Kristin Michod Gagnier, and Ilyse Resnick (2015). Teaching Spatial Thinking in Mineralogy, Structural Geology, and Sedimentology & Stratigraphy: Tools and Strategies from Cognitive Science Research (Acrobat (PDF) 38.2MB Dec28 15): Earth Educators' Rendezvous (Boulder, CO).
  • Ormand, Carol, Thomas F. Shipley, Barbara Dutrow, Laurel Goodwin, Thomas A. Hickson, Basil Tikoff, Kinnari Atit, Kristin Michod Gagnier, and Ilyse Resnick (2015). Teaching Spatial Thinking in Undergraduate Geology Courses Using Tools and Strategies from Cognitive Science Research (Acrobat (PDF) 2.2MB Dec28 15): American Geophysical Union annual fall meeting (San Francisco, CA).
  • Petcovic, Heather, Carol J. Ormand, and Robert W. Krantz (2015). Using Mixed Methods to Explore Field Sketching: An Example from the Hat Creek Fault Zone: Earth Educators' Rendezvous (Boulder, CO).
  • Petcovic, Heather, Allen Pope, Laura Tinigin, Carol J. Ormand, and Nicole D. LaDue (2015). PIXEL: Investigating Students' Concepts of Pixels and Sense of Scale in the Field: Geological Society of America annual meeting (Baltimore, MD).
  • Pope, Allen, Laura Tinigin, Heather L. Petcovic, Carol J. Ormand, Nicole LaDue (2015). PIXEL: Investigating Students' Concepts of Pixels and Sense of Scale in the Field: American Geophysical Union annual fall meeting (San Francisco, CA).
  • Whalley, Kyle, Wei Luo, Jon Pelletier, Kirk Duffin, Carol Ormand, Aaron Shelhamer, Andrew Darling, Wei-Chen Hung, David Shernoff, Xiaoming Zhai, Ellen Iverson, Walter Furness, Courtney Gallaher, Shannon MacCarragher, and Nicholas Lotter (2015). The Utilization of a Computer Simulation to Teach Landform Evolution: West Lakes Division of the Association of American Geographers regional meeting (Eau Claire, WI).

2014

Publications

Presentations

  • Gagnier, Kristin Michod, Kinnari Atit, Carol J. Ormand, and Thomas F. Shipley (2014). Understanding 3D: Generating Diagrams from 3D Models Improves Diagrammatic Reasoning: 2014 American Educational Research Association Annual Meeting (Philadelphia, PA).
  • Gagnier, Kristin Michod, Kinnari Atit, Carol J. Ormand, and Thomas F. Shipley (2014). Comprehending Diagrams: Sketching to Support Spatial Reasoning from Diagrams: 2014 International Mind, Brain and Education Society Conference (Fort Worth, TX).
  • Garnier, Bridget, Carol J. Ormand, Maria Chang, Bryan Matlen, Basil Tikoff, Thomas F. Shipley, and Kenneth D. Forbus (2014). Testing CogSketch Geoscience Worksheets as an Effective Spatial Learning Tool in Introductory Geoscience Courses: Geological Society of America annual meeting (Vancouver, BC). (See abstract.)
  • Goodwin, Laurel, Carol J. Ormand, Kristin Michod Gagnier, and Kinnari Atit (2014). New Approaches to Teaching Spatial Thinking in the Context of Structural Geology: Structural Geology and Tectonics Forum (Golden, CO).
  • Krantz, Robert W., Carol J. Ormand, and Brett Freeman (2014). How Geoscientists See 3D: Learning From the 2013 3D Interpretation Hedberg Conference: Geological Society of America annual meeting (Vancouver, BC). (See abstract.)
  • Luo, Wei, Jon Pelletier, Kirk Duffin, Carol J. Ormand, Wei-chen Hung, Ellen Iverson, David Shernoff, Xiaoming Zhai, and Kyle Whalley (2014). Web-Based Interactive Landform Simulation Model - Grand Canyon (WILSIM-GC): Geological Society of America annual meeting (Vancouver, BC). (See abstract.)
  • Ormand, Carol J., Thomas F. Shipley, and Basil Tikoff (2014). Applying Cognitive Science Research to Improve Geoscience Teaching and Learning (Acrobat (PDF) 4.4MB Aug25 14): Structural Geology and Tectonics Forum (Golden, CO).
  • Ormand, Carol J., Thomas F. Shipley, Charles Kiven, J. Steve Davis, Dale Klopfer, and Peter Vrolijk (2014). The Geologic Block Cross-Sectioning Test: Insights Into the Novice-Expert Spectrum in Visual Penetrative Ability: Geological Society of America annual meeting (Vancouver, BC). (See abstract.)
  • Ormand, Carol J., Thomas F. Shipley, Barbara Dutrow, Laurel Goodwin, Thomas Hickson, Basil Tikoff, Kinnari Atit, Kristin Gagnier, and Ilyse Resnick (2014). Transforming Spatial Reasoning Skills in the Upper-Level Undergraduate Geoscience Classroom Through Curricular Materials Informed by Cognitive Science Research (Acrobat (PDF) 5.1MB Feb23 15): American Geophysical Union annual fall meeting (San Francisco, CA).
  • Petcovic, Heather, Carol J. Ormand, and Robert W. Krantz (2014). Expert Field Sketches as Visual Representations of a Complex Fault Zone: Geological Society of America annual meeting (Vancouver, BC). (See abstract.)

2013

Publications

  • Shipley, Thomas F., Basil Tikoff, Carol J. Ormand, and Cathryn A. Manduca (2013). Structural Geology Practice and Learning, from the Perspective of Cognitive Science: Journal of Structural Geology, v. 54, pp. 72-84.

Presentations

  • Asher, Pranoti, R. Heather Macdonald, Carol J. Ormand, and Christopher Keane (2013). The role of professional societies in supporting Earth and space science departments: Geological Society of America annual meeting (Denver, CO). (See abstract.)
  • Atit, Kinnari, Tilbe Goksun, Carol J. Ormand, Cathryn A. Manduca, Ilyse Resnick, Thomas F. Shipley, and Basil Tikoff (2013). Spatial Gestures Point the Way: A Broader Understanding of the Gestural Referent (Acrobat (PDF) 245kB Apr30 13): Proceedings of the 35th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society. Manuscript submitted for publication.
  • Atit, Kinnari, Barbara Dutrow, Carol Ormand, and Thomas F. Shipley (2013). Gesture and Three-Dimensional Visualization: AAPG Hedberg Conference on 3D Structural Geologic Interpretation (Reno, NV).
  • Garnier, Bridget, Carol J. Ormand, Maria Chang, Kenneth D. Forbus, Thomas F. Shipley, and Basil Tikoff (2013). Improving Visualization and Spatial Reasoning Using Sketching Software and a Virtual Tutor: AAPG Hedberg Conference on 3D Structural Geologic Interpretation (Reno, NV).
  • Garnier, Bridget, Carol J. Ormand, Maria D. Chang, Thomas F. Shipley, Basil Tikoff, and Kenneth D. Forbus (2013). Using Sketching Software with a Virtual Tutor to Increase Sketching and Spatial Skill Development in a Classroom Environment: Geological Society of America annual meeting (Denver, CO). (See abstract.)
  • Luo, Wei, Jon D. Pelletier, Kirk Duffin, Carol J. Ormand, Wei-chen Hung, Ellen A. R. Iverson, David Shernoff, Xiaoming Zhai, and Anjana Chowdary (2013). Web-based Interactive Landform Simulation Model – Grand Canyon (Acrobat (PDF) 1.4MB Dec20 13): American Geophysical Union annual fall meeting (San Francisco, CA).
  • Macdonald, R. Heather, Cathryn A. Manduca, David W. Mogk, Barbara J. Tewksbury, Sean Fox, Rachel J. Beane, David A. McConnell, Katryn Wiese, Michael E. Wysession, and the SERC Webteam (2013). On the Cutting Edge: A Decade of Transforming Geoscience Education: Geological Society of America annual meeting (Denver, CO). (See abstract.)
  • Ormand, Carol J., Cathryn A. Manduca, Thomas F. Shipley, and Basil Tikoff (2013). Developing and Testing Materials to Improve Spatial Skills in Upper Division Geoscience Courses (Acrobat (PDF) 2.3MB Apr17 13): TUES/CCLI PI Conference (Washington, DC).
  • Ormand, Carol J., Thomas F. Shipley, Basil Tikoff, Cathryn A. Manduca, Barbara Dutrow, Laurel Goodwin, Thomas Hickson, Kinnari Atit, Kristin Gagnier, and Ilyse Resnick (2013). Improving Spatial Reasoning Skills in the Undergraduate Geoscience Classroom through Interventions Based on Cognitive Science Research (Acrobat (PDF) 3.8MB Jul1 13): AAPG Hedberg Conference on 3D Structural Geologic Interpretation (Reno, NV).
  • Ormand, Carol J., Thomas F. Shipley, Basil Tikoff, Cathryn A. Manduca, Barbara L. Dutrow, Laurel B. Goodwin, Thomas Hickson, Kinnari Atit, Kristin M. Gagnier, and Ilyse Resnick (2013). Improving Spatial Visualization Skills in the Undergraduate Geoscience Classroom Through Interventions Based on Cognitive Science Research (Acrobat (PDF) 3.3MB Nov4 13): Geological Society of America annual meeting (Denver, CO). (See abstract.)
  • Ormand, Carol J., Thomas F. Shipley, Basil Tikoff, Cathryn A. Manduca, Barbara L. Dutrow, Laurel B. Goodwin, Thomas Hickson, Kinnari Atit, Kristin Michod Gagnier, and Ilyse Resnick (2013). Transforming Spatial Reasoning Skills in the Undergraduate Geoscience Classroom Through Interventions Based on Cognitive Science Research (Acrobat (PDF) 3.6MB Dec20 13): American Geophysical Union annual fall meeting (San Francisco, CA).
  • Shipley, Thomas F., Cathryn A. Manduca, Carol J. Ormand, and Basil Tikoff (2013). Spatial Thinking in 3D and 4D Geology Visualization: AAPG Hedberg Conference on 3D Structural Geologic Interpretation (Reno, NV).
  • Tikoff, Basil, Cathryn A. Manduca, Carol J. Ormand, and Thomas F. Shipley (2013). How the Outcomes of Cognitive Science Research Can Make You a Better Geologist: AAPG Hedberg Conference on 3D Structural Geologic Interpretation (Reno, NV).

2012

Publications

Presentations

  • Gagnier, Kristin, Kinnari Atit, Carol Ormand, and Thomas F. Shipley (2012). Teaching Penetrative Thinking via Progressive Alignment and Directed Sketching: Geological Society of America annual meeting (Charlotte, NC). See abstract.
  • Gagnier, Kristin, Kinnari Atit, Thomas F. Shipley, and Carol Ormand (2012). Improving Penetrative Thinking Skills for Geoscience Education: inter-Science of Learning Center (iSLC) Conference (San Diego, CA).
  • Ormand, Carol J., Cathryn A. Manduca, Steven C. Semken, Erica Crespi (2012). Teaching About Rates and Time: Challenges and Resources (Acrobat (PDF) 5.2MB Mar7 13): American Geophysical Union fall meeting (San Francisco, CA).
  • Shipley, Thomas F., Kinnari Atit, Cathryn A. Manduca, Carol J. Ormand, Ilyse Resnick, and Basil Tikoff (2012). Understanding geological processes: Visualization of rigid and non-rigid transformations: American Geophysical Union fall meeting (San Francisco, CA).

2011

Presentations

  • Cervato, Cinzia, Cathryn Manduca, David Mogk, Carol Ormand, Thomas Shipley, and Trisha Smrecak (2011). Rates, Dates, and Geologic Time: A Journal Club Report on Teaching About Temporal Aspects of Geoscience (Acrobat (PDF) 15.2MB Nov9 11): Geological Society of America annual meeting (Minneapolis, MN). See abstract.
  • Fox, Sean, Ellen Iverson, Cathryn Manduca, Karin Kirk, John McDaris, Carol Ormand, and Monica Bruckner (2011). Supporting Faculty Learning About Teaching: The On the Cutting Edge Website: American Geophysical Union fall meeting (San Francisco, CA).
  • Iverson, Ellen, Sabra Lee, Carol Ormand, Geoffrey Feiss, Heather Macdonald, Cathryn Manduca, and Randall Richardson (2011). Building Strong Geoscience Departments: Case Studies and Findings from Six Years of Programming: American Geophysical Union fall meeting (San Francisco, CA).
  • Macdonald, Heather, Cathryn Manduca, Carol Ormand, Robyn Dunbar, Rachel Beane, Monica Bruckner, Timothy Bralower, Geoffrey Feiss, Barbara Tewksbury, and Katryn Wiese (2011). Preparing Future Geoscience Professionals: Needs, Strategies, Programs, and Online Resources: American Geophysical Union fall meeting (San Francisco, CA).
  • Manduca, Cathryn, Timothy Bralower, Diane Clemens-Knott, Diane Doser, P. Geoffrey Feiss, R. Heather Macdonald, Carol Ormand, Dallas Rhodes, Randall M. Richardson, and Mary Savina (2011). Bringing Together Design and Evaluation to Understand Student Learning (PowerPoint 2007 (.pptx) 3.9MB Nov7 11): Geological Society of America annual meeting (Minneapolis, MN). See abstract.
  • Manduca, Cathryn, David Blockstein, Timothy Bralower, Diane Doser, Anne Egger, P. Geoffrey Feiss, David Gosselin, Pamela Matson, David McConnell, and Carol Ormand (2011). InTeGrate-ing Geoscience Learning in Undergraduate Education: Geological Society of America annual meeting (Minneapolis, MN). See abstract.
  • Manduca, Cathryn, David Mogk, Kim Kastens, Basil Tikoff, Thomas Shipley, Carol Ormand, and David McConnell (2011). Geoscience Education Research: The Role of Collaborations with Education Researchers and Cognitive Scientists: American Geophysical Union fall meeting (San Francisco, CA).
  • Murphy, Rachel, Carol Ormand, Laurel Goodwin, Thomas Shipley, Cathryn Manduca, and Basil Tikoff (2011). Improving Students' Visuo-Penetrative Thinking Skills Through Brief, Weekly Practice (Acrobat (PDF) 19.5MB Nov9 11): Geological Society of America annual meeting (Minneapolis, MN). See abstract.
  • Ormand, Carol, Thomas Shipley, Cathryn Manduca, and Basil Tikoff (2011). Improving Geoscience Students' Spatial Thinking Skills: Applying Cognitive Science Research in the Classroom (Acrobat (PDF) 3.2MB Mar8 12): American Geophysical Union fall meeting (San Francisco, CA).
  • Ormand, Carol, Cathryn Manduca, Heather Macdonald, Timothy Bralower, Diane Clemens-Knott, Diane Doser, Geoffrey Feiss, Dallas Rhodes, Randall Richardson, and Mary Savina (2011). Building Strong Geoscience Departments Through the Visiting Workshop Program (Acrobat (PDF) 6.1MB Mar8 12): American Geophysical Union fall meeting (San Francisco, CA).
  • Savina, Mary, Cherry Danielson, Deborah Gross, and Carol Ormand (2011). Imagining the "Ideal Student": Helping Faculty Focus on What's Really Important to Assess (Acrobat (PDF) 610kB Mar18 11): Association of American Colleges and Universities meeting on General Education and Assessment 3.0: Next-Level Practices Now (Chicago, IL). (Associated handout (Acrobat (PDF) 117kB Mar18 11).)
  • Shipley, Thomas, Cathryn Manduca, Carol Ormand, and Basil Tikoff (2011). Spatiotemporal Thinking in the Geosciences: American Geophysical Union fall meeting (San Francisco, CA).

2010

Publications

  • Jee, Benjamin D., David Uttal, Dedre Gentner, Cathryn Manduca, Thomas Shipley, Brad Sageman, Carol J. Ormand, & Basil Tikoff (2010). Analogical thinking in geoscience education: Journal of Geoscience Education, v. 58, n. 1, pp. 2-13.
  • Manduca, Cathryn A., David W. Mogk, Barbara Tewksbury, R. Heather Macdonald, Sean P. Fox, Ellen R. Iverson, Karin Kirk, John McDaris, Carol Ormand, and Monica Bruckner (2010). SPORE: Science Prize for Online Resources in Education: On the Cutting Edge: Teaching Help For Geoscience Faculty: Science, v. 327, no. 5969, pp. 1095-1096.

Presentations

2009

Presentations

2008

Presentations

  • Macdonald, R. Heather, Richelle M. Allen-King, Robyn Wright Dunbar, Cathryn A. Manduca and Carol J. Ormand (2008). A Course of One's Own: Issues, Challenges, and Resources for Graduate Students, Postdoctoral Fellows, and Early Career Faculty: Geological Society of America annual meeting (Houston, TX). See abstract.
  • Manduca, Cathryn, R. Heather Macdonald, P. Geoffrey Feiss, Randall M. Richardson, and Carol J. Ormand (2008). Building Strong Geoscience Departments: Resources and Opportunities (Acrobat (PDF) 3.4MB Dec11 08): American Geophysical Union fall meeting (San Francisco, CA). Eos Trans. AGU, 89 (53), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract ED31A-0577.
  • Manduca, Cathryn, R. Heather Macdonald, P. Geoffrey Feiss, Randall M. Richardson, Timothy J. Bralower, Carolyn H. Eyles, and Carol J. Ormand (2008). Geoscience Departments and the Workforce: Bringing Together Student Interests and Industry Needs: Geological Society of America annual meeting (Houston, TX). See abstract.
  • Manduca, Cathryn, Dedre Gentner, Mark P. Holden, Carol J. Ormand, Benjamin Jee, Bradley B. Sageman, Thomas F. Shipley, Basil Tikoff and David H. Uttal (2008). Geoscience Perception: Expert and Novice Experience of Graphs, Outcrops, and Landscapes: Geological Society of America annual meeting (Houston, TX). See abstract.
  • Ormand, Carol, Karin Kirk, R. Heather Macdonald, Cathryn Manduca, and Barbara Tewksbury (2008). NEW Online Resources for Teaching Introductory-Level Geoscience Courses (Acrobat (PDF) 24MB Oct14 08): Geological Society of America annual meeting (Houston, TX). See abstract.
  • Richardson, Randall M. and Carol J. Ormand (2008). Survey of Geoscience Departments Finds Shared Goals and Challenges. (Acrobat (PDF) 415kB Oct1 08) Eos, v. 89, n. 27, p. 242-243. Abstract available on the AGU site.

2007 and prior

Presentations

Structural Geology

Van Hise Rock, Baraboo, WI

Publications

Presentations

  • Czeck, Dyanna, and Carol J. Ormand (2005). Using cleavage refraction, microstructural analysis, and mineralogy to learn about rheology in the Baraboo Quartzite: Geological Society of America annual meeting (Salt Lake City, UT). See abstract.
  • Ormand, Carol J. and Dyanna Czeck (2003). Structure and kinematics of the Baraboo Syncline: a three-dimensional analysis: Geological Society of America annual meeting (Seattle, WA).
  • Ormand, Carol J. and Pam Olson (2001). An analysis of fault systems in an experimental stratigraphic basin, with a comparison to the Mid-Continent Rift System: Geological Society of America annual meeting (Boston, MA).