Metacognition - definition - students thinking about how students learn. Have the students realize that they can determine which strategies are most effective. Being aware of what works for you. It's different for everyone, so we need to help students be more self-aware about their learning.

- Get students to think about why they're doing the things they do.

- it's flexible and context dependent - students should be aware enough to vary the strategy based on the task.

- skill and approach to problem-solving

- reflective - how did you answer that? what did you use to answer that?

- what are you going to do differently next time?

Example - asking students after an exam which strategies were most effective.

Laminated metacognitive card that students have with a series of prompting questions, from a Diff-Eq course. "Where have you seen these ___ before?".

We can bring this into each class. Can step students through our own problem solving thought process as you do problem solving in class...."a think aloud". You can also do this with reading a journal article and in-class discussion. For example,

This should be a part of freshman orientation class along with the intro to college life info. Some schools do this. Do students know now to apply this into their other courses after learning about it in the freshman intro course? Faculty all need to use common language and apply it in their other courses. Students that have better metacognitive skills actually can transfer their knowledge from one class to another.

Also, it's about student awareness of what they understand and don't understand. Have students do concept maps that force students to see how concepts relate to each other.

Are there effective strategies to help students improve metacognition and self-regulation?

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