Recommended Readings

These references are recommended as a place to start for those newly interested in research on learning in the geosciences. The first section is for geoscientists new to congitive science. The second section is for cognitive scientists new to geoscience.

For Geoscientists New to Cognitive Science

Earth and Mind: How Geologists Think and Learn about the Earth

Edited by Cathryn Manduca and David Mogk, this volume brings together essays by geoscientists, cognitive scientists, and educators that explore how expert geoscientists learn about the Earth and the implications for student learning.

These three landmark books are written specifically for faculty to bring the foundations of learning science into use in teaching:

An overview of the role of visualization in learning:

Looking at design of software and curriculum to support learning in the geosciences:

These papers describe studies specific to the learning in the geosciences:

Important references from work in the cognate sciences:

For Cognitive Scientists New to Geoscience

Using an Earth Systems Approach to Earth Science Education:

Ireton, Manduca and Mogk, 1997
Shaping the Future of Undergraduate Earth Science Education: Innovation and Change Using an Earth System Approach, American Geophysical Union.

National Science Education Standards:

NRC, 1996
These standards recommend geoscience content for elementary, middle and high school students in the United States.

Benchmark statement from the United Kingdom:

Earth Science, Environmental Science and Environmental Studies 
A description of the expectations for a bachelor's degree, with honours, in Earth Sciences, Environmental Sciences, and Environmental Studies (in the UK).

These reports describe the current research agenda in the geosciences.

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