Quantitative Activities for Earth Science Disciplines


Results 1 - 10 of 322 matches

Exploring California's Plate Motion and Deformation with GPS | Lessons on Plate Tectonics
Shelley Olds, EarthScope Consortium
Students analyze data to study the motion of the Pacific and North American tectonic plates. From GPS data, students detect relative motion between the plates in the San Andreas fault zone--with and without earthquakes. To get to that discovery, they use physical models to understand the architecture of GPS, from satellites to sensitive stations on the ground. They learn to interpret time series data collected by stations (in the spreading regime of Iceland), to cast data as horizontal north-south and east-west vectors, and to add those vectors head-to-tail.Students then apply their skills and understanding to data in the context of the strike-slip fault zone of a transform plate boundary. They interpret time series plots from an earthquake in Parkfield, CA to calculate the resulting slip on the fault and (optionally) the earthquake's magnitude.

Quantitative Skills: Vectors and Matrices, Estimation, Models and Modeling
Subject: Geoscience: Geoscience, Geology:Tectonics, Geophysics:Geodesy, Environmental Science:Natural Hazards, Natural Hazards:Earthquakes
Grade Level: College Lower (13-14), High School (9-12), Middle (6-8)
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Volcano Monitoring with GPS: Westdahl Volcano Alaska
Maite Agopian, EarthScope; Beth Pratt-Sitaula, Earthscope Consortium
Learners use graphs of GPS position data to determine how the shape of Westdahl Volcano, Alaska is changing. If the flanks of a volcano swell or recede, it is a potential indication of magma movement and changing ...

Quantitative Skills: Vectors and Matrices, Graphs
Subject: Geoscience: Geoscience:Geology:Geophysics:Geodesy, Environmental Science:Natural Hazards:Volcanism, Environmental Science:Natural Hazards, Engineering
Grade Level: College Lower (13-14), Middle (6-8), High School (9-12)
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Exploring Tectonic Motions with GPS
Shelley Olds, EarthScope Consortium
Using a map showing the horizontal velocities of GPS stations in the Plate Boundary Observatory and other GPS networks in Alaska and Western United States, students are able to describe the motions in different regions by interpreting the vectors resulting from long-term high-precision Global Positioning System (GPS) data. Show more information on NGSS alignment Hide NGSS ALIGNMENT Disciplinary Core Ideas History of Earth: HS-ESS1-5 Earth' Systems: MS-ESS2-2 Earth and Human Activity: MS-ESS3-2, HS-ESS3-1 Science and Engineering Practices 4. Analyzing and Interpreting Data 5. Using Mathematics and Computational Thinking 6. Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions Crosscutting Concepts 4. Systems and System Models 7. Stability and Change

Quantitative Skills: Vectors and Matrices
Subject: Geoscience: Geoscience:Geology:Geophysics:Geodesy, Environmental Science:Natural Hazards, Geoscience:Geology:Tectonics, Environmental Science:Natural Hazards:Earthquakes
Grade Level: College Lower (13-14), Middle (6-8), High School (9-12)
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Building Shaking —Variations of the BOSS Model
IRIS (Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology), FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Administration), ShakeAlert, Chris Hedeen (Oregon City High School), and ANGLE Project
Building Oscillation Seismic Simulation, or BOSS, is an opportunity for learners to explore the phenomenon of resonance for different building heights while performing a scientific experiment that employs mathematical skills. They experience how structures behave dynamically during an earthquake.

Quantitative Skills: Gathering Data, Graphs
Subject: Geoscience: Geoscience, Engineering, Environmental Science:Natural Hazards:Earthquakes, Environmental Science:Natural Hazards, Natural Hazards:Mass Wasting
Grade Level: Middle (6-8), College Lower (13-14), High School (9-12)
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Human Wave: Modeling P and S Waves
IRIS (Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology) and ShakeAlert
Lined up shoulder-to-shoulder, learners are the medium that P and S waves travel through in this simple, but effective demonstration. Once "performed", the principles of P and S waves will not be easily forgotten. This demonstration explores two of the four main ways energy propagates from the hypocenter of an earthquake as P and S seismic waves. The physical nature of the Human Wave demonstration makes it a highly engaging kinesthetic learning activity that helps students grasp, internalize and retain abstract information.

Quantitative Skills: Graphs, Gathering Data, Arithmetic/Computation
Subject: Geoscience: Geoscience:Geology:Geophysics:Seismology, Environmental Science:Natural Hazards:Earthquakes, Geoscience
Grade Level: Informal, College Lower (13-14), General Public, High School (9-12), Intermediate (3-5), Middle (6-8)
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Unit 3: Codorus Creek case study: Measuring and interpreting seismic refraction data
Using seismic refraction data in a case study for urban renewal. Andy Parsekian, University of Wyoming, aparseki@uwyo.edu Download a ZIP file of this Unit
This unit presents an applied Case Study example and the associated concepts related to designing a seismic survey and analyzing the data. Parts of the instrument are discussed and practical experience simulating ...

Quantitative Skills: Spreadsheets, Algebra, Geometry and Trigonometry, Gathering Data, Problem Solving:Equations, Graphs
Software: Microsoft Excel
Subject: Geoscience: Environmental Science, Physics:Oscillations & Waves:Wave Motion, Geoscience:Geology:Geophysics:Exploration Methods:Seismic refraction, Physics:Other Sciences:Environmental Science
Grade Level: College Lower (13-14):College Introductory
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How Do We Know Where an Earthquake Originated?
Jeffrey Barker (Binghamton University) & Michael Hubenthal (IRIS)
Students use real seismograms to determine the arrival times for P and S waves and use these times to determine the distance of the seismic station from the earthquake. Seismograms from three stations are provided to determine the epicenter using the S – P (S minus P) method. Because real seismograms contain some "noise" with resultant uncertainty in locating arrival times of P and S waves, this activity promotes appreciation for uncertainties in interpretation of real scientific data.

Quantitative Skills: Estimation, Arithmetic/Computation
Subject: Geoscience: Geoscience:Geology:Geophysics:Seismology, Environmental Science:Natural Hazards:Earthquakes, Geoscience
Grade Level: College Lower (13-14), Middle (6-8), High School (9-12)
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Measuring Ground Motion with GPS: How GPS Works
Shelley E Olds, EarthScope Consortium
With printouts of typical GPS velocity vectors found near different tectonic boundaries and models of a GPS station, demonstrate how GPS work to measure ground motion.GPS velocity vectors point in the direction that a GPS station moves as the ground it is anchored to moves. The length of a velocity vector corresponds to the rate of motion. GPS velocity vectors thus provide useful information for how Earth's crust deforms in different tectonic settings.

Quantitative Skills: Models and Modeling
Subject: Geoscience: Geography:Geospatial, Geoscience:Geology:Tectonics, Geophysics:Geodesy
Grade Level: College Lower (13-14), Middle (6-8), High School (9-12)
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Visualizing Relationships with Data: Exploring plate boundaries with Earthquakes, Volcanoes, and GPS Data in the Western U.S. & Alaska | Lessons on Plate Tectonics
Shelley E Olds, EarthScope Consortium
Learners use the GPS Velocity Viewer, or the included map packet to visualize relationships between earthquakes, volcanoes, and plate boundaries as a jigsaw activity.

Quantitative Skills: Vectors and Matrices, Estimation, Models and Modeling
Subject: Geoscience: Geoscience, Geology:Tectonics, Geophysics:Geodesy, Environmental Science:Natural Hazards, Natural Hazards:Earthquakes
Grade Level: College Lower (13-14), High School (9-12), Middle (6-8)
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Unit 4: The Magic of Geophysical Inversion
Compiled by Lee Slater, Rutgers University Newark (lslater@newark.rutgers.edu) Download a ZIP file of this Unit
This unit introduces the student to the concept of geophysical inversion, which is the process of estimating the geophysical properties of the subsurface from the geophysical observations. The basic mechanics of ...

Quantitative Skills: Models and Modeling
Subject: Geoscience: Environmental Science:Water Quality and Quantity:Point Source Pollution, Wetlands, Surface Water , Environmental Science:Waste:Waste Solid :Landfills, Environmental Science:Sustainability, Chemistry:Environmental Chemistry, Environmental Science:Ecosystems, Geoscience:Geology:Geophysics:Exploration Methods:Electrical Conductivity/Resistivity, Physics:Other Sciences:Environmental Science
Grade Level: College Lower (13-14):College Introductory
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