For the InstructorThese student materials complement the Future of Food Instructor Materials. If you would like your students to have access to the student materials, we suggest you either point them at the Student Version which omits the framing pages with information designed for faculty (and this box). Or you can download these pages in several formats that you can include in your course website or local Learning Managment System. Learn more about using, modifying, and sharing InTeGrate teaching materials.
Module 2.2: Historical Development and Change in Food Systems
The environment-food systems characterized by agriculture have exerted transformative effects on environmental and social systems. This unit offers an overview by distinguishing four principal historical-geographic periods of environment-food systems that begin with early agriculture between 10,000 and 4,000 BC. It also introduces modern industrial agriculture and ecological-modernization-and-alternative-food-networks (such as organic and local environment-food systems) as a pair of generally distinct types that are currently predominant and actively evolving. The model of Coupled Natural Human Systems (CNHS) is used to characterize each historical-geographic period. CNHS definitions of drivers, feedbacks, positive feedback and negative feedback are utilized. To understand the spread of agriculture and its transformation of environments and societies basic concepts such as spatial diffusion and adaptation are used.
- From the Origins of Agriculture to Challenges and Opportunities for the Future of Food
- Period 1: Domestication, Early Farming, and Widespread Impacts (10,000 BP - 4,000 BP)
- Period 2: Independent States, World Trade, and Global Colonial Empires (3,000 BP – 1800/1900 CE)
- Period 3: Modern Industrial Agriculture (1800/1900 CE – Present)
- Period 4: Sustainability Movements Towards the Future of Food: Quasi-Parallel Ecological Modernization and Alternative Food Networks (2000 – Present)
- Summative Assessment