Geologic map + fault mechanics problem set
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This page first made public: Jun 1, 2012
This exercise requires students to answer some questions about stress and fault mechanics that relate to geologic maps. In part A) students must draw a cross section and Mohr circles and make some calculations to explain the slip history and mechanics of two generations of normal faults. In part B) students interpret the faulting history and fault mechanics of the Yerington District, Nevada, based on a classic geologic map and cross section by John Proffett. keywords: geologic map, cross section, normal faults, Mohr circle, Coulomb failure, Andersonian theory, frictional sliding, Byerlee's law
undergraduate required course in structural geology
Skills and concepts that students must have mastered
This exercise should follow previous exercises and lectures that introduce stress, Mohr circles, Andersonian theory, Coulomb failure, and frictional sliding/Byerlee's law. The cross section for this lab is fairly simple, but this is not intended to be a lab on how to draw a cross section.
How the activity is situated in the course
stand-alone exercise that integrates and builds on a range of previous lecture and lab material
Content/concepts goals for this activity
Some students find fault mechanics fairly abstract. This lab/exercise attempts to relate basic stress concepts and fault mechanics (Andersonian theory, Mohr-Coulomb failure, frictional sliding) to a geologic map, highlighting how this theory can help us understand the geology of some areas. The exercise is somewhat eclectic, integrating map and cross section interpretation skills with traditional fault mechanics problems. This lab also sets the stage for lectures/discussion on normal faults and the mechanics of slip on low-angle normal faults
Higher order thinking skills goals for this activity
Students are required to think about structures in 3-D and to integrate ideas learned in several previous lectures/labs.
Other skills goals for this activity
Description and Teaching Materials
Teaching Notes and Tips
References and Resources