Recommended Reading

Compiled by Alison J. Smith, Department of Geology, Kent State University

Below is a list of books, articles, and websites that will help you with any background you may feel you need prior to attending the summer workshop. All the articles here are electronically available, either through open access websites, such as the PNAS articles (PNAS articles are open access, available through their archives), or through participating servers such as are held by most universities and large public libraries.

Jump down to: Books| Articles

Web Resources

Interactive maps and graphics from NOAA

Learn about ice ages and Milankovitch (orbital) cycles

See how thermohaline circulation works

See how surface ocean circulation works

Check out this El Niño/La Niña webpage

NOAA Acrtic Theme Page - see what the Arctic Oscillation (AO) and the North Atlantic Oscillation, and Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) are all about

Find a quick overview of the Younger Dryas

Image Libraries of Common Paleoecological Proxies (Pollen, Diatoms, Ostracodes...)

The Academy of Natural Sciences Image Database

North American Nonmarine Ostracode Database

Dating Methods

Radiocarbon Calibration, A Vignette-Key Concept in Geomorphology Publication by Quan Hua, November, 2009, open commons publication



Alley, Richard B., 2000. The Two Mile Time Machine: Ice Cores, Abrupt Climate Change, and Our Future, Princeton University Press.

Imbrie, John and Imbrie, Katherine P., 1986. Ice Ages, Solving the Mystery, Harvard University Press.


Birkeland, Peter, 1999. Soils and Geomorphology, Oxford University Press. (see pages 268-306 and 339-346)


Adovasio, J. & J. Page (2002) The first Americans: in pursuit of archaeology's greatest mystery. Random House, New York.

Bonnichsen, R., B. Lepper, D. Stanford, and M. Waters (2006) Paleoamerican origins: beyond Clovis. Center for the Study of the First Americans, College Station, Texas.

Gillespie, A., S.C. Porter and B. Atwater (2004) The Quaternary period in the United States. Elsevier Science, New York.

Jablonski, N., editor (2002) The first Americans: the Pleistocene colonization of the New World.Memoirs California Academy of Sciences, No. 27.

Meltzer, D.J. (2009) First peoples in a New World: colonizing Ice Age America. University of California Press, Berkeley.

Ubelaker, D., editor, (2006) Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 3, Environment,Origins, and Population. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 


Dating Methods

Reimer et al., 2009. INTCAL09 and MARINE09 radiocarbon age calibration curves, 0–50,000 YEARS CAL BP, Radiocarbon, Vol 51, Nr 4, 2009, p 1111–1150.

The Younger Dryas

Broecker, W., G. Denton, R.L. Edwards, H. Cheng, R. Alley & A. Putnam (2010) Putting the Younger Dryas cold event into context. Quaternary Science Reviews29:1078-1081.

Broecker, W.S. (2006) Was the Younger Dryas triggered by a flood? Science312:1146-1148

Carlson, A. et al. (2007) Geochemical proxies of North American freshwater routing during theYounger Dryas cold event. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS)104:6556-6561

Firestone et al. (2007) Evidence for an extraterrestrial impact 12,900 years ago that contributed to the megafaunal extinctions and the Younger Dryas cooling. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS)104:16016-16021

Meltzer, D.J. and V.T. Holliday (2010) Would North American Paleoindians have noticed Younger Dryas age climate changes? Journal of World Prehistory23:1-41

Clovis Origins

Bradley, B. & D. Stanford (2004) The North Atlantic ice-edge corridor: a possible Palaeolithic route to the New World. World Archaeology36:459-478.

Bradley, B. & D. Stanford (2006) The Solutrean-Clovis connection: reply to Straus, Meltzer and Goebel. World Archaeology38:704-714.

Pitulko, V. et al. (2004) The Yana RHS Site: Humans in the Arctic before the Last Glacial Maximum. Science303:52-56.

Straus, L., D. Meltzer, & T. Goebel (2005) Ice Age Atlantis? Exploring the Solutrean-Clovis'Connection.' World Archaeology37:506-531.

Westley, K. & J. Dix (2008) The Solutrean Atlantic hypothesis: a view from the ocean. Journalof the North Atlantic1:85-98.


Catt, J.A., 1991. Soils as indicators of Quaternary climate change in mid-latitude regions. Geoderma 51: 167-187.

Dahms, D., and V.T. Holliday, 1998. Paleosols as environmental indicators: A critical review. Quaternary International 51/52: 109-114.

Retallack, G.J., 1993. Classification of paleosols: Discussion. Geological Society of America Bulletin 105: 1635-1636.

Retallack, G.J., 1994. The environmental factor approach to the interpretation of paleosols. In Factors of Soil Formation: A Fiftieth Anniversary Perspective, edited by R. Amundson, pp. 31-64. Soil Science Society of America Special Publication No. 33, Madison, Wisconsin.

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