Microbial Life Under Pressure
Created by: Scott N. Montross, Montana State University
Pressure has a substantial effect on the physiology and biochemistry of living cells. Microorganisms inhabiting the deep-sea and subsurface of Earth have the ability to survive at hydro- and litho- static pressures greater than 1 atmosphere (atm). Studies of barotolerant (tolerate high pressure) and barophilic (dependent on high pressure) cultures of deep-sea bacteria show that both types are present, and the distribution of these organisms is a function of depth.
-Madigan, M., Martinko, J., Parker, J. 2003. Brock Biology of Microorganisms, tenth edition.
How microbes deal with high pressure
Barotolerant bacteria under high hydrostatic pressure regulate the fluidity of membrane phospholipids to compensate for pressure gradients between the inside of the cell and the environment.
Characterization of organisms by tolerance
High Pressure Environment Collections
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