GeoEthics and the Earth System
David Mogk, Montana State University
Sustaining Existence: A Geoethical Dilemma--John Geissman, EOS Editors' Vox, April 20, 2016; We know that we must solve problems; in doing so, can we avoid creating others? Would communicating science be more effective if geoethics were included in the discussion?
GeoEthics can be naturally integrated to many topics commonly covered in geoscience courses. The references provided below offer potential ideas for discussing GeoEthics as it relates to each topic.
- Environmental Ethics--Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
- Are We Now Living in the Anthropocence? -- Zalasiewicz et al, 2008, GSA Today v 18 #2. (Discussion of humans' influence on the Earth system)
- Human activities are jeopardizing Earth's natural systems, health of future generations--New report calls for action to ensure future health, environmental sustainability, showing that solutions are within reach (accessed via Science Digest July 15, 2015).
- Reference: Sarah Whitmee, Andy Haines, Chris Beyrer, Frederick Boltz, Anthony G Capon, Braulio Ferreira de Souza Dias, Alex Ezeh, Howard Frumkin, Peng Gong, Peter Head, Richard Horton, Georgina M Mace, Robert Marten, Samuel S Myers, Sania Nishtar, Steven A Osofsky, Subhrendu K Pattanayak, Montira J Pongsiri, Cristina Romanelli, Agnes Soucat, Jeanette Vega, Derek Yach. Safeguarding human health in the Anthropocene epoch: report of The Rockefeller Foundation–Lancet Commission on planetary health. The Lancet, 2015; DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(15)60901-1
- Sustainability: Why the Language and Ethics of Sustainability Matter in the Geoscience Classroom.--Ellen P. Metzger and Randall R. Curren (2017). Journal of Geoscience Education: May 2017, Vol. 65, No. 2, pp. 93-100.
- "Climate Change, Engineered Systems, & Society Bibliography," Online Ethics Center for Engineering 5/5/2011 National Academy of Engineering Accessed: Sunday, June 08, 2014.
- Is Misinformation About the Climate Criminally Negligent? -- an article by Lawrence Torcello, Rochester Institute of Technology
- Geoengineering side effects could be potentially disastrous, research shows -- article in The Guardian, February 25, 2014
- Fleming, J. R., 2010, Fixing the Sky: The Checkered History of Weather and Climate Control, Columbia University Press., New York.
- Geoengineering side effects could be potentially disastrous, research shows--John Vidal, The Guardian, posted 25 February 2014.
- Geoengineering the Climate Could Cause Devastating African Droughts--Greg Walters, Seeker, published November 16, 2017. "Injecting particles into the atmosphere would deflect some of the sun's incoming radiation, but a new study predicts it would also likely alter tropical storm patterns in the Atlantic and increase the risk of drought in Africa."
- A geoengineering "cocktail" could dull the pain of climate change--Greg Walters, Seeker, published August 1, 2017. "Combining multiple climate engineering strategies at the same time could dampen the impacts of global warming while avoiding losses in global precipitation levels."
- Geoengineering Subject Aid----a compilation of methods, scenarios and information resources to promote group discussion and reflection from the Online Ethics Center for Engineering and Science.
- Geodiversity Valuing and Conserving Abiotic Nature, Murray Hill, Wiley
- Geoethical education: A critical issue for geoconservation by Elena Druguet, Cees W. Passchier, Giorgio Pennacchioni, Jordi Carreras, Episodes, March 2013 Vol.36, No.1
- "Energy Ethics in Science and Engineering Education Bibliography", Online Ethics Center for Engineering 5/23/2012 National Academy of Engineering
- Teaching About Water--InTeGrate
Deep Sea Mining
- Deep Sea Mining May Come Soon--Showstack, R. (2017), Deep-seabed mining may come soon, says head of governing group, Eos, 98, https://doi.org/10.1029/2017EO087489. Published on 22 November 2017. "New regulations could open the door for sustainable mining, says the head of the International Seabed Authority. However, he and others pointed to environmental, financial, and technical challenges."
- Can Deep Sea Mining AVoid the Environmental Mistakes of Mining on Land?--Carol J. Clouse, The Guardian, posted 28 June 2017.
Here is a recommended reading list of books that could be incorporated into your coursework to address topics of environmental ethics. Additional reading is available on the page of selected resources for getting started. Read on!
- Abbey, E. (1990). The Monkey Wrench Gang . Salt Lake City, UT: Dream Garden Press.
- Abbey, E. (1990). Desert Solitaire . Salt Lake City, UT: Dream Garden Press.
- Alley, R. (2002). The Two-Mile Time Machine: Ice Cores, Abrupt Climate Change, and Our Future. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 240 p.
- Archer, D. (2008). The Long Thaw: How Humans Are Changing the Next 100,000 Years of Earth's Climate. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 192 p.
- Ashworth, W. (2006). Ogallala Blue: Water and life on the High Plains. W.W. Norton & Co.
- Carson, R. (1962). Silent Spring. Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin Company.
- Easton, T. (2010). Taking Sides: Clashing Views on Environmental Issues. McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 416 p.
- Glennon, R. (2002). Water Follies: Groundwater Pumping and the Fate of America's Fresh Waters. Island Press.
- Harr, J. (1996). A Civil Action. Vintage, 502 p.
- Leopold, A., 1968. From A Sand County Almanac (1949). Oxford.
- McHarg, I., Design with Nature, 1995 by John Wiley & Sons, 208 pp.
- McPhee, J. (1990). The Control of Nature. New York, NY: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 288 p.
- Meadows, D., J. Randers, and D. Meadows (2004).Limits of Growth: The 30-Year Update . Chelsea Green Publishing, 368 p.
- O'Brien, M., (2000). Making Better Environmental Decisions: An Alternative to Risk Assessment: MIT Press, 352pp
- Oreskes, N. (2010). Merchants of Doubt: How a Handful of Scientists Obscured the Truth on Issues from Tobacco Smoke to Global Warming. Bloomsbury Press, 368 p.
- Reiser, M. (1993). Cadillac Desert: The American West and Its Disappearing Water. Penguin, 608 p.
- Robbins, P. (2007). Lawn people: how grasses, weeds, and chemicals make us who we are. Temple University Press.
- Steingraber, S., 1997, Living Downstream: Addison-Wesley Publishing, 357pp
- Streever, B. (2001). Saving Louisiana? : The battle for coastal wetlands. University Press of Mississippi.
- Ward, D.R. (2002). Water Wars: Drought, Flood, Folly, and the Politics of Thirst. New York, NY: Riverhead Books.
- Williams, Terry Tempest (1991). Refuge: An Unnatural History of Family and Place, Pantheon Books, 304 pp. (read particularly the essay: Clan of the One-Breasted Women).