Cutting Edge > Structural Geology > Structure, Geophysics, and Tectonics 2012 > Research frontiers index > Geophysics research frontiers

Major research frontiers, grand challenges, and thorny problems in geophysics & tectonics

This list of Geophysics Grand Challenges is based on three previous community efforts: a report on the "Seismological Grand Challenges in Understanding Earth's Dynamic Systems" (http://www.iris.edu/hq/lrsps/), a report on "Unlocking the Secrets of the North American Continent: An Earthquake Science Plan for 2010-2020" (http://www.earthscope.org/ ESSP), and "Unlocking the Building Blocks of the Planet" (http://compres.us/). The " Seismological Grand Challenges in Understanding Earth's Dynamic Systems" report was the result of the Long Range Science Plan for Seismology Workshop, which was sponsored by IRIS and held in Denver, CO, on September 18-19, 2008. The "Unlocking the Secrets of the North American Continent: An Earthquake Science Plan for 2010-2020" report was the result of an EarthScope community workshop held at Snowbird, UT, on October 7-9, 2009. The "Unlocking the Building Blocks of the Planet," a report by the Long-Range Planning for High-Pressure Geosciences Workshop, sponsored by COMPRES in Tempe, AZ, on March 2-4, 2009.

How does the near-surface environment affect natural hazards and resources?

How do faults slip?

What is the relationship between stress and strain in the lithosphere?

How do processes in the ocean and atmosphere interact with the solid Earth?

How is Earth's habitable surface a consequence of the planet's interior?

How do magmas ascend and erupt?

What is the lithosphere-asthenosphere boundary?

How do plate boundary systems evolve?

How do temperature and composition variations control mantle and core convection?

How are Earth's internal boundaries affected by dynamics?

How do the structures and dynamics of other planetary bodies differ from Earth?


References:

Lay, T., R. Aster, D. Forsyth, B. Romanowicz, R. Allen, V. Cormier, J. Gomberg, J. Hole, G. Masters, D. Schutt, A. Sheehan, J. Tromp, and M. Wysession, Seismological Grand Challenges in Understanding Earth's Dynamic Systems, Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology Report to the National Science Foundation, 74 pp., 2009

Trehu, A., R. Aster, C. Ebinger, B. Ellsworth, K. Fischer, J. Freymuller, J. Hole, S. Owen, T. Pavlis, A. Schultz, B. Tikoff, and M. Wysession, Unlocking the Secrets of the North American Continent: An Earthquake Science Plan for 2010-2020, 82 pp., 2010

Williams, Q., J. M. Brown, J. Tyburczy, J van Orman, P. Burnley, J. Parise, M. Rivers, R. Wentzcovitch, and R. Liebermann, Understanding the Building Blocks of the Planet, Long-Range Planning for High-Pressure Geosciences Workshop, 68 pp., 2010.


« Previous Page      Next Page »