Climate and Biota of the Crow Reservation
The climate on the Crow reservation varies from humid above 7,000 feet in the Bighorn Mountains, with 24 inches of annual precipitation, to semi-arid around 2,900 feet near Hardin, with 12 inches of annual precipitation. Because of this variation, the vegetation ranges from conifer forests to grasslands. Approximately 75% of the precipitation falls from March through July. The growing season ranges from 115 days at Busby, 123 days at Hardin, 126 days at Wyola, to 135 days at Crow Agency. This southcentral portion of Montana enjoys "Indian Summers" which frequently extend into November, when there are warm sunny days and cool evenings. The mean annual temperature is 45.5oF with a summer high of 110oF and a winter low of -48oF. For more information about the climate of this area, click here (more info) .
It is estimated that 79 species of mammals, 260 species of birds, five species of amphibians, 14 species of reptiles, and 19 species of fish are found on the Crow reservation at some time during the year. Most of these species are non-game wildlife. Big game species include pronghorn antelope, elk, white-tailed and mule deer, buffalo, and black bear (Crow Indian Tribe: Wildlife Resources Report (more info) ).
To further investigate the climate and biota of the Crow Nation, follow the links below.
Climate of the Crow Reservation
Resources containing information about the climate of the Crow reservation.
Flora of the Crow Reservation
Resources containing information about the flora of the Crow reservation.
Fauna of the Crow Reservation
Resources containing information about the fauna of the Crow reservation.