Lab 4: Climate Clues from Sand and Mud

The lab activity was developed by Jeff Lockwood of TERC and Alison Mote of the Ann Richards School for Young Women Leaders for the EarthLabs project.

Summary and Learning Objectives

In Part A, Students learn how particle size affects the rate of sediment deposition and how sediment layers form. In Part B, students build a physical model that shows how sediments are deposited at ocean margins during periods of glaciation by icebergs.

After completing this Lab, students should be able to:

  • Describe how particle size affects the deposition of sediments.
  • Model how sediments are deposited on ocean margins by icebergs.
  • Describe the processes that combine to produce sequences of sediments on the ocean floor.
  • Open the Student Lab »


    Activity Overview and Teaching Materials

    Detailed overview of what students will do in each lab activity, how long it will take, and what materials are required to complete the lab.

    Printable Materials

    Download and print files needed for each lab activity, including images, data tables, and Stop and Think questions.


    Teaching Notes and Tips

    What you need to prepare ahead of time, and general recommendations for classroom implementation, as well as guidelines and facilitation tips for leading class discussions.

    Student Notebooks

    Suggestions for how to use Student Notebooks for Lab 4.

    Assessment

    There are several options for assessment of student understanding of material introduced in this lab. Choose from the following list, or create your own assessments.

    Science Standards

    Lab 4 supports the following Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS):

    Additional Resources

    Explore background information and content extensions related to Lab 5