Climate and the Carbon Cycle: Unit Overview
Why teach about carbon and the earth system?
Carbon, like water, is essential to life as we know it on Earth. It is a component of our DNA and of the foods we eat, and its presence in the atmosphere (in the form of carbon dioxide, a "greenhouse gas") helps keep our planet warm enough to be habitable. Like water, carbon continuously cycles through the major components of the Earth system—the Geosphere and the Biosphere - driven by processes that occur at incredibly different time scales, from fractions of a second (photosynthesis) to millions of years (formation of fossil fuels).
Why use this set of lessons?
This unit will introduce students to the basics of the carbon cycle. They will learn how the carbon cycle, climate and the abiotic and biotic components of the environment influence each other. They will learn where carbon is stored in the Earth's system (reservoirs) and by what processes it moves from one reservoir to another. Using case studies, NASA visualizations, current research, and interactives, students will explore how living things on land, in soils, and in our oceans regulate the carbon cycle. Students will analyze the effect of carbon dioxide on the Earth's thermostat and our climate. Finally, they will seek possible solutions to a warming climate.
Key questions addressed by this unit include:
- How do the carbon cycle, climate and the environment influence each other?
- How does carbon move through the Geosphere and the Biosphere, in what forms and at what time and spatial scales?
- How is the carbon cycle interconnected with other biochemical cycles such as the nitrogen cycle?
- How does the carbon cycle regulate the temperature of Earth's atmosphere?
- Will carbon dioxide continue to rise, and if so, what can we do about it?
Before starting this unit
Read the Lab Overviews section, which identifies all of the materials you'll need to gather and provides a quick scope and sequence of the unit. If you have not already done so, please read the Climate Series Introduction where you will find additional information about climate science as well as suggestions for helping your students get the most out of their engagement with the module. Install and practice using new software and digital tools; acquire needed lab materials; and print out student handouts.
Several options for assessing student understanding are provided throughout this module. Some Lab sections are "learning assessments" with culminating performance assessments.Stop and Think questions can be used to assess student understanding at key points within each lab. These questions are available on the Instructor Page for each lab, under the Printable Materials heading. Short written tests to assess student understanding of material covered by each lab can be found on the corresponding Instructor Pages, under the Assessment heading. A full list of lab-level assessments as well as a cumulative end-of-module test can also be found on the Assessments page.
The resources below provide important background information relevant to this module and to the entire set of Climate EarthLabs modules.
- Earth System: The Basics (Acrobat (PDF) 134kB Jun23 22)
- Realities VS Misconceptions About the Science of Climate Change (Acrobat (PDF) 429kB Jun6 12) This document was made available by the Center for Climate and Energy Solutions (https://www.c2es.org/)
- Introduction to the Basic Drivers of Climate
- Factors Affecting Global Climate
- Studying and Projecting Climate Change with Earth Systems Models
Workshop Leader Resources
Below are links to a set of resources which you may use if you wish to lead a one-day workshop that introduces this unit to other teachers. The resources are suggestions, and you are free to modify them and use them as you wish.
- 1. Leader's Introduction to the Climate and the Carbon Cycle Workshop (Microsoft Word 2007 (.docx) 152kB Aug31 16)
- 2. Climate and the Carbon Cycle Workshop Outline and Notes (Microsoft Word 2007 (.docx) 117kB Aug31 16)
- 3. PowerPoint Slides for the Climate and the Carbon Cycle Workshop (PowerPoint 2007 (.pptx) 3MB Aug31 16)
- 4. Climate and the Carbon Cycle Workshop Time Schedule (Excel 2007 (.xlsx) 29kB Aug31 16)