Geologic Time Learning Goals
Articulating learning goals with an emphasis on what students should be able to do is the first step to creating a targeted and effective curriculum, whether at the program or course level. The Earth Science Literacy Initiative (ESLI) provides a framework of ten "Big Ideas" essential to understanding Earth Science, including geologic time and the rates of geological processes. Using that framework, we have developed lists of possible learning objectives related to temporal concepts embedded in four of these "Big Ideas." The explicit connection to these big ideas or principles is emphasized below by using statements from the Earth Science Literacy Principles to organize our example learning goals. These examples are focused on the development of knowledge, skills, and attitudes, and are formulated with Bloom's Taxonomy of Learning in mind. While this is in no way intended to be a comprehensive list of possible learning goals, it may help you to articulate your own list.
ESLI 2: Earth is 4.6 billion years old.
- Attitude: Students will recognize that Earth's history spans many time orders of magnitude longer than the human or historical time scales.
ESLI 2.1 Earth Scientists use the structure, sequence and properties of rocks, sediments and fossils to reconstruct events in Earth's history.