Mars for Earthlings > Lesson Modules > Igneous Rocks & Volcanics

Igneous Rocks & Volcanics

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Summary

This learning module and related laboratory exercise exposes students to volcanic styles, eruptions, igneous rock textures and their evidence in the Martian landscape.

Learning Goals

Students will be able to:

Context for Use

This learning module is meant for adaptation in an introductory earth science course and/or planetary science course. Before engaging in the In-Class Activities and/or Homework, students will need to be provided with an overview of igneous rocks (see Teaching Notes and Tips). All In-Class Activities can be adapted to a homework set if desired. Online access is essential for video viewing in association with the In-Class Activities.

Description and Teaching Materials

Compiled In-Class Activities and Homework

In-Class Activity

Homework/Lab

Teaching Notes and Tips

Assessment

References and Resources

  1. Image file: Igneous Rocks and Volcanics (PowerPoint 2007 (.pptx) 20.8MB Oct23 12).
  2. Rock Cycle Background: http://www.classzone.com/books/earth_science/terc/content/investigations/es0602/es0602page02.cfm
  3. Columnar Joint Experiment Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CJWfneKdv08.
  4. Columnar Joint Article: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/12/081216104325.htm
  5. Columnar Jointing in Columbia River Gorge Oregon: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WLGXmJZ_KIU
  6. Mars columnar jointing discovery by HIRISE in Geology: http://geology.gsapubs.org/content/37/2/171/F1.expansion.html
  7. HIRIES columnar jointing image: http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/MRO/multimedia/mro20090225.html
  8. Pahoehoe lava flow video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qTTLYx4Xo2k&feature=related
  9. A'a lava flow video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bWswq8PmRII
  10. Basalt on Mars (Hawaii): http://www.psrd.hawaii.edu/May09/Mars.Basaltic.Crust.html
  11. Athabasca Spiral lava flows: Discovery news article: http://www.space.com/15446-mars-lava-volcanoes.html Image source: http://www.space.com/15446-mars-lava-volcanoes.html
  12. Mars Plagioclase mineralogy animation: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FRU0cHb31JM