This activity has benefited from input from faculty educators beyond the author through a review and suggestion process.
This review took place as a part of a faculty professional development workshop where groups of faculty reviewed each others' activities and offered feedback and ideas for improvements. To learn more about the process On the Cutting Edge uses for activity review, see http://serc.carleton.edu/NAGTWorkshops/review.html.
This activity was selected for the On the Cutting Edge Exemplary Teaching Collection
Resources in this top level collection a) must have scored Exemplary or Very Good in all five review categories, and must also rate as “Exemplary” in at least three of the five categories. The five categories included in the peer review process are
- Scientific Accuracy
- Alignment of Learning Goals, Activities, and Assessments
- Pedagogic Effectiveness
- Robustness (usability and dependability of all components)
- Completeness of the ActivitySheet web page
For more information about the peer review process itself, please see http://serc.carleton.edu/NAGTWorkshops/review.html.
This page first made public: Aug 17, 2010
Using GIS to estimate the volume of snow and water in a drainage basin
Todd Rayne, Hamilton College
SummaryThis activity uses field measurements and GIS to estimate the volume of water in the form of snow in a field site.
Type and level of course
I use this in a sophomore-level course in which most, but not all, students have had an introduction to GIS
Geoscience background assumed in this assignment
Minimal background in geosciences is needed. A algebra-level math background is expected.
GIS/remote sensing skills/background assumed in this assignment
- Basics (opening, saving, adding layers, activating extensions, etc.)
- Shapefiles (editing, using the attribute table, etc.)
- Using Spatial Analyst extension
Software required for this assignment/activity:
Excel, ArcMap 9.x
Time required for students to complete the assignment:
Two three hour sessions
GIS/remote sensing techniques students learn in this assignment
The overall goal is to become more comfortable with using GIS as an analytical tool. More specific goals include importing x-y-z data into GIS, using the field calculator, and to recognizing the sources of potential error in the estimate of snow volume.
Other content/concepts goals for this activity
- recognition of snow as a source of runoff that is stored temporarily in the solid form
- recognition of sources of error, including biased sampling (measurements).
Higher order thinking skills goals for this activity
- comparison of different estimates of snow volume based on different measurement patterns and locations
- recognition of the value of sampling in a grid
Description of the activity/assignmentThis exercise is designed to show the relationship between linear, area, and volume measurements. Students measure the depth of snow in part of a small drainage basin and enter their data into a spreadsheet and then into a GIS. They use GIS to estimate the volume of snow. By combining the snow volume with a water equivalent estimate of the snowpack and a runoff coefficient, they estimate the amount of runoff from snow melt.
Determining whether students have met the goalsThe students have met the goals of the project if they successfully produce a map showing snow volumes and an estimate of the total volume of snow and a calculation of the equivalent water volume and runoff.
More information about assessment tools and techniques.
URLs and References
Download teaching materials and tips
- Activity Description/Assignment: Estimating snow volume exercise (Microsoft Word 361kB Aug10 10)
- Instructors Notes:
- Solution Set: