What is Process-Oriented Guided Inquiry Learning
In a POGIL classroom, students work in learning teams on guided inquiry exercises. The Process-Oriented component of POGIL is designed to have each instructor think about what process skills are important to develop for his or her students. The Guided Inquiry component of POGIL explicitly enhances the analytical and critical thinking skills of the students through the design of the activities (the learning cycle) and the use of groups requiring students to explain their reasoning.
- Information processing
- Critical thinking
- Problem solving
POGIL classrooms utilize activities that follow the learning cycle. Questions begin with exploration of a model, leading to the introduction of a term or concept, followed by application of the material. This is based on a Piagetian model of learning and was further developed by Karplus and others (Karplus and Thier, A New Look at Elementary School Science, Chicago: Rand McNally (1967) and Piaget, J. J. Res. Sci. Teach, 1964, 2, 176.)