Interpret the data
Now you put it all together!
Causes of the spatial variations
- Question 7. What are some possible or likely causes for the non-random spatial distribution of the volcanic rocks in the western U.S., particularly the concentrations of datapoints that are arrayed in a linear or curvilinear fashion? (Use your general knowledge of plate tectonics and the geology of the western U.S. to answer this question).
Causes of the regional isotopic variations
- Question 8. Let's think about what the regional Sr isotope variation may be telling us about the mantle sources that produced these magmas.
What characteristics (of the Earth's mantle) would lead to partial melts with high 87Sr/86Sr? What about low 87Sr/86Sr?
- Question 9. Given your response for the previous question, how would you interpret the regional differences in Sr isotopic composition in the western U.S.?
- Question 10. By now, you should be realizing that the age of the mantle source is an important factor which controls the 87Sr/86Sr of mafic magmas. Assuming they started out with similar Rb/Sr ratios, what is the difference in age (Δt) between the mantle source that produced the cluster of high 87Sr/86Sr mafic rocks in the western U.S. and the mantle source that produced the cluster of low 87Sr/86Sr mafic rocks? Using your results from Question 6, and the equation in Part 2, you can calculate this, but your result for Δt will be dependent on the value you choose for 87Rb/87Sr. Calculate Δt assuming 87Rb/87Sr = 0.15 (an appropriate value for the mantle).