Water Quality Assessment: Computer Analysis
Use computer software to generate diagrams that facilitate the examination of ion concentrations in ground-water and the chemical evolution of organic compounds in an oil spill.
In part one, students use Piper and Stiff diagrams to identify water chemistry changes along a flow path and speculate on the possible causes of increased total dissolved solids and ion concentrations.
In part two, students use a ternary diagram to study the transport and natural attenuation of benzene-toluene-xylene (BTX) in an oil spill, seeing how BTX is used for oil spill site characterizations.
- Experience the ground-water investigation process from computational data analysis to final interpretation.
- Become better prepared for environmental employment.
Context for Use
This is the second of nine one-week exercises designed for a senior-level undergraduate lecture/lab hydrogeology course.
Description and Teaching Materials
- Computer software that can generate Piper, Stiff, and ternary diagrams.
- A potentiometric-surface map of an aquifer.
- Water chemistry data from five wells with increasing distance from the recharge area.
- Three BTX data sets.
References and Resources
- Lee, 1998, Hands-On Laboratory Exercises for an Undergraduate Hydrogeology Course. Journal of Geoscience Education v. 46, p. 433. Contact the author to request furthur details and copies of the laboratory exercises.
See the other eight related activities derived from this article: