# Activities

## Materials for Lab and Class

# Subject: Geoscience

# Quantitative Skills

- Algebra 35 matches
- Arithmetic/Computation 112 matches
- Differential Equations and Integrals 20 matches
- Estimation 68 matches
- Fourier Series, Spectral Analysis 3 matches
- Fractions and Ratios 12 matches
- Gathering Data 14 matches
- Geometry and Trigonometry 47 matches
- Graphs 100 matches
- Logarithms/Exponential Functions 35 matches
- Models and Modeling 63 matches
- Probability and Statistics 78 matches
- Problem Solving 103 matches
- Scientific Notation 11 matches
- Units and Unit Conversions 58 matches
- Vectors and Matrices 21 matches

Results 1 - 10 of **284 matches**

Volcano Monitoring with GPS: Westdahl Volcano Alaska part of EarthScope ANGLE:Educational Materials:Activities

Maite Agopian, EarthScope; Beth Pratt-Sitaula, UNAVCO

Learners use graphs of GPS position data to determine how the shape of Westdahl Volcano, Alaska is changing. If the flanks of a volcano swell or recede, it is a potential indication of magma movement and changing ...

Exploring Tectonic Motions with GPS part of EarthScope ANGLE:Educational Materials:Activities

Shelley Olds, UNAVCO

Using a map showing the horizontal velocities of GPS stations in the Plate Boundary Observatory and other GPS networks in Alaska and Western United States, students are able to describe the motions in different regions by interpreting the vectors resulting from long-term high-precision Global Positioning System (GPS) data. Show more information on NGSS alignment Hide NGSS ALIGNMENT Disciplinary Core Ideas History of Earth: HS-ESS1-5 Earth' Systems: MS-ESS2-2 Earth and Human Activity: MS-ESS3-2, HS-ESS3-1 Science and Engineering Practices 4. Analyzing and Interpreting Data 5. Using Mathematics and Computational Thinking 6. Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions Crosscutting Concepts 4. Systems and System Models 7. Stability and Change

Human Wave: Modeling P and S Waves part of EarthScope ANGLE:Educational Materials:Activities

IRIS (Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology) and ShakeAlert

Lined up shoulder-to-shoulder, learners are the medium that P and S waves travel through in this simple, but effective demonstration. Once "performed", the principles of P and S waves will not be easily forgotten. This demonstration explores two of the four main ways energy propagates from the hypocenter of an earthquake as P and S seismic waves. The physical nature of the Human Wave demonstration makes it a highly engaging kinesthetic learning activity that helps students grasp, internalize and retain abstract information.

Base Isolation for Earthquake Resistance part of EarthScope ANGLE:Educational Materials:Activities

Larry Braile (Purdue University) and TOTLE (Teachers on the Leading Edge) Project

This document includes two activities related to earthquake base isolation. Learners explore earthquake hazards and damage to buildings by constructing model buildings and subjecting the buildings to ground vibration (shaking similar to earthquake vibrations) on a small shake table. Base isolation a powerful tool for earthquake engineering. It is meant to enable a building to survive a potentially devastating seismic impact through a proper initial design or subsequent modifications. The buildings are constructed by two- or three-person learner teams.

Locating an Earthquake with Seismic Data part of EarthScope ANGLE:Educational Materials:Activities

Anne Ortiz and Tammy Bravo (Science Education Solutions)

Students use real seismograms to determine the arrival times for P and S waves and use these times to determine the distance of the seismic station from the earthquake. Seismograms from three stations are provided to determine the epicenter using the S – P (S minus P) method. Because real seismograms contain some "noise" with resultant uncertainty in locating arrival times of P and S waves, this activity promotes appreciation for uncertainties in interpretation of real scientific data.

BOSS Model: Building Oscillation Seismic Simulation part of EarthScope ANGLE:Educational Materials:Activities

IRIS (Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology), FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Administration), Chris Hedeen (Oregon City High School), and ANGLE Project

Building Oscillation Seismic Simulation, or BOSS, is an opportunity for learners to explore the phenomenon of resonance for different building heights while performing a scientific experiment that employs mathematical skills. They experience how structures behave dynamically during an earthquake.

Tsunami Vertical Evacuation Structures (TVES) part of EarthScope ANGLE:Educational Materials:Activities

Bonnie Magura (Portland Public Schools), Roger Groom (Mt Tabor Middle School), and CEETEP (Cascadia EarthScope Earthquake and Tsunami Education Program)

Students learn about tsunami vertical evacuation structures (TVES) as a viable solution for communities with high ground too far away for rapid evacuation. Students then apply basic design principles for TVES and make their own scale model that they think would fit will in their target community. Activity has great scope for both technical and creative design as well as practical application of math skills. Examples are from the Pacific Northwest, USA's most tsunami-vulnerable communities away from high ground, but it could be adapted to any region with similar vulnerability.

Using Autocorrelation and Cross-correlation to Explore Links Between River Discharge and Regional Climate part of Teaching Computation in the Sciences Using MATLAB:Teaching with MATLAB 2015:Teaching Activities

Peter Adams, University of Florida

Students conduct autocorrelation and cross-correlation analyses on river discharge and climate indices to test the hypothesis that coastal streams draining mountainous terrain are strong indicators of climatic ...

Using Univariate Statistics to Understand Regional Drainage Patterns part of Teaching Computation in the Sciences Using MATLAB:Teaching with MATLAB 2015:Teaching Activities

Peter Adams, University of Florida

In this activity, students use MATLAB to compare two data sets of organic matter content in order to provide quantitative evidence that tests the null hypothesis that sediment samples have the same fluvial source. ...

Signal processing and earthquake triggering part of Teaching Computation with MATLAB:Teaching with MATLAB 2015:Teaching Activities

Jackie Caplan-Auerbach, Western Washington University

In this exercise, written for an undergraduate seismology class, students use MATLAB to analyze waveforms from the 2004 Sumatra M9.0 earthquake, as they were recorded on three seismic stations in Alaska. Two of ...