Effective Strategies for Interdisciplinary Teaching
integration by design is an important starting point. How to Teach with an Interdisciplinary Approach, a page from the Pedagogy in Action project provides some step by step instructions for integrating interdisciplinary teaching in the classroom. The examples below provide some ideas for different methods for interdisciplinary teaching.
Student, department, and institutional buy-in for interdisciplinary teaching is an important first step in developing activities and courses that cross disciplinary divides. At the institutional level, redesigning courses and curricula to include interdisciplinary teaching presents an opportunity to increase enrollment was noted as a way to appeal to administrators. Further, interdisciplinary teaching can broaden the enrollment in courses offered in individual disciplines, integrating geoscience, engineering, humanities, policy, education, and other majors. At the student level, interdisciplinary teaching appeals to students interested in multiple disciplines and who realize the necessity of tackling real-world problems through an interdisciplinary lens.
Small-scale implementations and practices can be a great way to start to incorporate interdisciplinary teaching into your classroom. While challenges and barriers may exist in incorporating disciplines outside your area of expertise, these small scale changes can build bridges between disciplinary divides and equip you to better overcome these challenges. Small scale changes include:
- Make connections with faculty from other departments, industry, and the community! Informally talk with them, learn what they do, and draw connections to your teaching.
- Invite guest speakers to give a presentation. Guest speakers can provide a way for you and your students learn about topics outside your expertise and speakers from the community or industry can serve as a model for how what students are learning in class is applicable to their life and the importance of building a culture of collaboration to solve problems.
- Partner with faculty from other departments to develop projects that incorporate aspects from different disciplines. For example, see Ethanol and Sustainability Thinking (PowerPoint 2007 (.pptx) 3MB Jul25 12), a presentation by Rick Oches, Bentley University.
- Make use of pedagogies that lend themselves to interdisciplinary teaching such as service learning, teaching with the local environment/campus, teaching systems thinking and teaching with real world examples.
While potentially expensive, there is substantial added value in true team-teaching of courses. In addition to bringing more expertise to instruction, team teaching allows students to sort through and then integrate multiple perspectives, hypotheses, and opinions. Team teachers can also serve as role models to demonstrate effective interdisciplinary cooperation in tackling a problem or a solution.
Traditional team teaching involves two or more instructors actively involved in teaching a cohort of students in a single course. This a popular method for teaching in an interdisciplinary fashion and may involve instructors from the same department with different specialties or from different departments. The coursework is generally integrated into a single syllabus for a single class. Course work can be either assessed by both instructors to ensure the course outcomes are being addressed or done by each faculty independently based on the assignment topic.
Techniques to Teach Sustainability in Multi-Disciplinary Classrooms Comprised of Engineers, Geoscientists, and other Disciplines, an essay by Steve Burian, describes approaches to incorporating interdisciplinary teaching into the classroom.
Jones, F., S. Harris, 2012, Benefits and Drawbacks of Using Multiple Instructors to Teach Single Courses, College Teaching, Vol. 60,No. 4, pp. 132-139.
Linked Courses and 'Federated' Curriculum Approaches (Core Theme or Topic)
The linked course/curriculum approach involves cohorts of students taking multiple coordinated courses being taught during the same semester or in sequence by different instructors who may be from different departments. This is a topical or thematic approach, where one key topic or theme is integrated into different courses and disciplines, or an individual faculty member draws information from across disciplines to address a key theme. Syllabi between the courses may be fully integrated or separate, but linked courses tend to incorporate at least once major integrative assignment between the courses.
An example of this method from Bentley University uses a module on ethanol to teach about sustainability issues. This unit ties together courses in Chemistry, Ecology, Economics, Engineering, Environmental Science, Geology, Political Science, and more (see figure). Students learn about what is involved in making ethanol by being tasked with making it as part of an environmental chemistry course; they perform cost-benefit analysis for ethanol production and consumption in a microeconomics course; learn about the legislative process involved in energy production and use in a public policy course, and tie together commodities prices and their impact on food, fuel, and other products.
Carleton College's Interdisciplinary Science and Math Initiative (CISMI), funded by a grant from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, is an example of the linked course approach. Using Linked Courses in the General Education Curriculum, by Steven R. Luebke, University of Wisconsin - River Falls, discusses his experiences using linked courses and provides tips for design.
Carleton College's Interdisciplinary Science and Math Initiative (CISMI), funded by a grant from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, is an example of the linked course approach.
Using Linked Courses in the General Education Curriculum, by Steven R. Luebke, University of Wisconsin - River Falls, discusses his experiences using linked courses and provides tips for design.