For the InstructorThese student materials complement the Coastal Processes, Hazards and Society Instructor Materials. If you would like your students to have access to the student materials, we suggest you either point them at the Student Version which omits the framing pages with information designed for faculty (and this box). Or you can download these pages in several formats that you can include in your course website or local Learning Managment System. Learn more about using, modifying, and sharing InTeGrate teaching materials.
The Need for Growth
The Need for Growth: City Expansion and Smart Considerations
Despite the high risk of exposure to coastal hazards of increasing intensity and frequency, Most of the worlds populations, economic activities, and infrastructure continue to be located along the coast. In many cases (see module 8), retreat and abandonment of high risk areas is simply not an option. Already growing populations, augmented by immigration, in major coastal cities requires thoughtful planning to protect against flooding without hindering the many valuable ecological functions within the coastal zone. The following sections detail several smart building measures that have satisfied the need for growth in coastal zones.