Kinesthetic learners prefer to learn by direct experience, and learning transpires as a result of what was done rather than what was said or read. Kinesthetic learning is closely related to
- Benjamin Bloom's taxonomy (or domains) of learning: cognitive skills, affective domain, psychomotor skills. Follow this link to see an overview of Learning Domains or Bloom's Taxonomy. These three domains complement and reinforce each other in the learning process. The psychomotor domain encompasses physical movement, coordination and a variety of motor skills (see: Simpson E. J., 1972, The Classification of Educational Objectives in the Psychomotor Domain. Washington, DC: Gryphon House). Aspects of the psychomotor domain include:
- Perception--using sensory cues to guide motor activities
- Readiness to act--includes mental, physical and emotional readiness,e.g. prepared to act upon a sequence of instructions.
- Guided Response--learning a complex skill through imitation and trial and error; following instructions.
- Mechanism--learned responses become habitual, movements performed with confidence and proficiency.
- Complex overt response--performance of complex movement patterns.
- Adaptation--movements can be modified or adapted to fit special situations
- Origination--creating new movement patters to fit a situation.
- David Kolb's Experiential Learning Theory (see: Kolb, D. A. 1984. Experiential Learning: Experience as the Source of Learning and Development. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey:Prentice-Hall). The ELT model outlines two related approaches toward grasping experience: Concrete Experience and Abstract Conceptualization
- Active Learning--there is a growing body of evidence that active learning works. See an overview of other active learning strategies from the Starting Point project.