Sedimentary and Related Minerals

Dexter Perkins
University of North Dakota
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This exercise is an introduction to sedimentary minerals and rocks.

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This exercise is designed for a mid/upper-level undergraduate geology course on the principles of mineralogy.

Skills and concepts that students must have mastered

Students should have knowledge of basic chemistry and of minerals equivalent to what they would learn in an introductory geology class.

How the activity is situated in the course

This activity is the 15th of 36 mineralogy exercises and is used around the middle of the course.


Content/concepts goals for this activity

  • Learn to identify the most important sedimentary minerals in hand specimen and in thin section.

Higher order thinking skills goals for this activity

  • Identify key properties useful for mineral identification.

Other skills goals for this activity

Description of the activity/assignment

In this three-part exercise, students study hand samples and thin sections of sedimentary minerals and rocks.

  • Part one - Box of Rocks: Students examine a tray of Halides, Carbonates, Borates, and Clays and record their physical properties, composition, habit, and occurence. They note chemical and physical similarities and differences of the minerals.
  • Part two - Definitions: Define a list of terms relevent to the lab.
  • Part three - Minerals in Thin Section: Observe sedimentary minerals in thin section and answer questions about them.

Determining whether students have met the goals

More information about assessment tools and techniques.

Teaching materials and tips

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