This is a partially developed activity description. It is included in the collection because it contains ideas useful for teaching even though it is incomplete.
by Anthony (Tony) Layzell, University of Kansas Main Campus
J. Elmo Rawling, University of Wisconsin - Platteville
Tim Fisher, University of Toledo
Topic: Littoral geomorphology and reconstructing lake levels in the Lake Michigan Basin
Course Type: Upper level
Lab 1. Recognize landforms and understand littoral processes using LiDAR
Lab 2. Identify different littoral facies & interpret littoral stratigraphy using particle size data and GPR images. Understand chronology as expressed in a stratigraphic profile.
Lab 3. Recognize different facies and interpret depositional environments from lake cores
Sequence of 3 labs:
Lab 1. Littoral transport & geomorphology. Use LiDAR images from Europe Lake to identify beachridges. Compare and contrast embayments where beachridges infill vs block to discuss littoral processes (e.g. transport) and controls (e.g. sediment supply). Use Thompson & Baedke 1997, Argyilan et al., 2010 as further examples to discuss littoral processes and to provide current state of knowledge regarding strandplain development & chronology.
Lab 2. Littoral facies & stratigraphy. Introduce GPR data. Use PSA data to distinguish between aeolian sediments and lake sediments (based on % coarse sand and presence of gravel)
Lab 3. Lacustrine depositional environments. Use sediment facies from Silver Lake (similar geomorphic environment to Europe Lake) to reconstruct Nipissing Transgression from Chippewa low to Nipissing high in Michigan Basin
Lab 1. Label Coastal Landforms from similar setting (Kangaroo Lake)
Lab 2. Provide Kangaroo Lake GPR, PSA and OSL data for students to interpret.
Lab 3. How would you use a coring campaign to reconstruct lake level for the Michigan Basin?
Teaching Materials and Data
- DUGG REU Europe Lake PSA Site 13-18 (Acrobat (PDF) 344kB Jun18 12)
- DUGG REU Europe Lake PSA Site 7-12 (Acrobat (PDF) 354kB Jun18 12)
- DUGG REU Europe Lake Location Data (Excel 13kB Jun18 12)
- DUGG REU Europe Lake OSL Data (Excel 11kB Jun18 12)
- DUGG REU Europe Lake PSA Data (Excel 2007 (.xlsx) 158kB Jun18 12)
- Location Maps for Optical Ages and Particle-size Analysis. (Acrobat (PDF) 971kB Jun18 12)
- DUGG REU Europe Lake Sites 1-6 (Acrobat (PDF) 411kB Jun18 12)
Argyilan, E. P., Forman, S. L., and Thompson, T. A. 2010. Variability of Lake Michigan water level during the past 1000 years reconstructed through optical dating of a coastal strandplain. The Holocene 20, 723-731.
Dorr, J. A. J., and Eschman, D. F. 1970. "Geology of Michigan." The University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, MI.
Thompson, T. A., and Baedke, S. J. 1997. Strand-plain evidence for late Holocene lake-level variations in Lake Michigan. Geological Society of America Bulletin 109, 666-682.
Fisher, T. G., Loope, W. L., Pierce, W. C., and Jol, H. M. 2007. Big lake records preserved in a little lake's sediment: an example form Silver Lake, Michigan, USA. Journal of Paleolimnology 37, 365-382.
Chrzastowski, M. J., Pranschke, F. A., and Shabica, C. W. 1991. Discovery and preliminary investigations of the remains of an early Holocene forest on the floor of southern Lake Michigan. Journal of Great Lakes Research 17, 543-552.