Using Mass Balance to Understand Atmospheric CFCs
This activity was selected for the On the Cutting Edge Reviewed Teaching Collection
This activity has received positive reviews in a peer review process involving five review categories. The five categories included in the process are
- Scientific Accuracy
- Alignment of Learning Goals, Activities, and Assessments
- Pedagogic Effectiveness
- Robustness (usability and dependability of all components)
- Completeness of the ActivitySheet web page
For more information about the peer review process itself, please see http://serc.carleton.edu/NAGTWorkshops/review.html.
This resource received an Accept or Accept with minor revisions rating from a Panel Peer Review process
These materials were reviewed using face-to-face NSF-style review panel of
geoscience and geoscience education experts to review groups of resources addressing
a single theme. Panelists wrote reviews that addressed the criteria:
- scientific accuracy and currency
- usability and
- pedagogical effectiveness
Reviewers rated the resources:
- Accept with minor revisions
- Accept with major revisions, or
They also singled out those resources they considered particularly exemplary, which are given a gold star rating.
Following the panel meetings, the conveners wrote summaries of the panel discussion for each resource; these were
transmitted to the creator, along with anonymous versions of the reviews.
Relatively few resources were accepted as is. In most cases, the majority of the resources were either designated as 1) Reject or 2) Accept with major revisions.
Resources were most often rejected for their lack of completeness to be used in a classroom or they contained scientific inaccuracies.
This page first made public: Sep 8, 2006
This material was originally created for
Starting Point:Introductory Geology
and is replicated here as part of the
SERC Pedagogic Service.
Students use an interactive online mass balance model to help understand the observed levels of chlorofluorocarbon CFC-12 over the recent past. They then explore the influence of post Montreal Protocol emission scenarios on future CFC levels and discuss the relevance of this to stratospheric ozone recovery.
Use a model to estimate the future concentrations of CFC-12 under several different assumed emission scenarios.
Learn how a mass balance model applies to the global atmosphere.
Understand how atmospheric lifetime is related to the response time of atmospheric constituents.
Calibrate a model with recent observations.
Synthesize results into a well written summary.
Accurately read graphical information.
Read and interpolate data from a table of values.
Context for Use
This activity is useful in any course with a section on atmospheric trace gases and/or stratospheric ozone. It has been used successfully in an introductory meteorology course as well as an upper division course on Earth's Climate for non-majors.
Description and Teaching Materials
The CFC Activity Page
has links to:
- the CFC activity in pdf format for students to printout and use;
- the CFC model page so they can work through the activity.
the CFC activity in pdf format (Acrobat (PDF) 168kB Aug22 04) for easy printout;
the CFC activity in MS Word format (Microsoft Word 78kB Aug22 04) for easy editing;
Teaching Notes and Tips
This activity takes about 2-hours to complete.
This activity works best with a PC, but with proper configuration also works on MAC OS X.
Little mathematical background is required to complete this activity.
Here are some suggestions for effective classroom use and more details of the mathematics behind the model.
Also see References and Resources below.
Grading the completed activity sheet provided below can be used as an assessment of student understanding. Follow-up discussions in class, essay questions on exams, and the future success of students on other related activities are also useful measures of student understanding.
Answers for CFC activity (Acrobat (PDF) 176kB Aug22 04)
References and Resources
The activity "Using Mass Balance to Understand Atmospheric Levels of CFCs" described here is the third part of a four part learning module that I use in my courses when discussing Earth's Climate and Stratospheric Ozone.
The first and second activities are:
Mass Balance using a water bucket model, introduces students to mass balance concepts using a water bucket model.
Trace Gases, is designed to extend the fundamental ideas and the terminology of mass balance into an atmospheric science context.
If you are short on time you can highlight key aspects of these first two activities in a lecture and then assign one or both of the activities below.
These last two activities can be done in any order and use real data to address issues that are currently of interest to many students.