This material was developed and reviewed through the InTeGrate curricular materials development process. This rigorous, structured process includes:
- team-based development to ensure materials are appropriate across multiple educational settings.
- multiple iterative reviews and feedback cycles through the course of material development with input to the authoring team from both project editors and an external assessment team.
- real in-class testing of materials in at least 3 institutions with external review of student assessment data.
- multiple reviews to ensure the materials meet the InTeGrate materials rubric which codifies best practices in curricular development, student assessment and pedagogic techniques.
- review by external experts for accuracy of the science content.
This page first made public: Jan 22, 2015
Strengths of the ModuleStudents who learn with this module will:
- Construct their own understanding of the behavior of rivers through the use of stream tables and real streamflow data
- Engage in a data-rich activity that is well-aligned with the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)
- Analyze streamflow and precipitation data and apply their knowledge to inform their local community about flooding hazards
- Use Google Earth to measure distances and elevations and calculate stream gradients
- Calculate flood recurrence intervals
- Look for trends relating precipitation and streamflow data
Supported Next Generation Science Standards:
- 5-ESS3-1 Obtain and combine information about ways individual communities use science ideas to protect the Earth's resources and environment.
- MS-ESS2-5 Develop a model to describe the cycling of water through Earth's systems driven by energy from the sun and the force of gravity.
Disciplinary Core Idea: ESS2.C. The role of water in Earth's surface processes
Crosscutting Concepts: Cause and effect; Energy and matter
Connections to Nature of Science: Scientific knowledge assumes an order and consistency in natural systems
Supported Earth Science Literacy Principles:
- Big idea 1: Earth scientists use repeatable observations and testable ideas to understand and explain our planet.
- Big idea 5: Earth is the water planet.
- Big idea 8: Natural hazards pose risks to humans.
Supported Essential Principles of Climate Science:
- Essential principle 7: Climate change will have consequences for the Earth system and human lives.
Addressed community developed, nationally-recognized Atmospheric Science Literacy Principles:
- Essential principle 3: Atmospheric circulations transport matter and energy.
- Mitigate risk and build resilience from natural and human-made hazards (AGI)
- Recognizing the signal within the natural variability, and communicating uncertainty and relative risk [for flooding] (GSA)
A great fit for courses in:
- Introductory geoscience
- Earth science for pre-service teachers*
- Environmental science
- Water resources
This module is designed for introductory geoscience courses that are designed around active learning and group work. The constructivist learning style used in this module is particularly suited to courses for elementary education majors, but is accessible to any introductory geoscience student. While it can stand alone as a unit, it would work best in a course where it fits with other, similarly structured units. No prior knowledge is needed, though suggestions are offered for teaching this module if students already have background knowledge in plate tectonics.
Table of Contents
- Instructor Materials: Interactions between Water, Earth's Surface, and Human Activity
Preparatory ActivityInitial Ideas Unit 1Hydrologic Cycle Unit 2Fluvial Processes that Shape the Natural Landscape Unit 3How Streams Change Unit 4Hazards from Flooding Unit 5Linking Processes Driven by Internal and External Energy Sources
- Student Materials
- Instructor Stories
- Join the Community