What is Team-Based Learning (TBL)?
Team-based learning (TBL) improves student learning through a structured, evidence-based, whole-course framework designed around a
- five-stage "readiness assurance" process (RAP), and
- a series of classroom-based "application exercises" (AES) that require teams of students to solve, discuss, and report out solutions to relevant, significant problems.
Why use Team-Based Learning?
Teachers in a variety of disciplines adopt the TBL approach to increase student learning and engagement, especially for students from underrepresented groups, including minorities, women, and first-generation college students.
TBL provides strong incentives for students to
- prepare prior to class,
- collaboratively apply economic concepts to analyze important economic issues during class using hands-on activities, and
- work effectively in teams.
How to use Team-Based Learning
TBL requires teams to apply disciplinary concepts to make decisions about significant economic problems. Each TBL module contains two components:
- the Readiness Assurance Process (RAP), which ensures that students have a basic understanding of key economic concepts for that module, and
- Application Activities (AEs), which require student teams to apply those concepts in new and meaningful ways. TBL is a student-centered teaching practice, with a minimum of lecturing.
ExamplesThe Application Exercises page includes a collection of ready-to-use TBL Application Exercises, including teaching notes on how to best use the exercise in your own class. Use them as-is or adapt as needed for your own course.
Learn more about TBL Application Exercises you can adapt for your class...
References and ResourcesReferences and Resources page includes a large collection of valuable TBL-related information, including web- and print-based resources illustrating TBL's development, use and effectiveness across disciplines.
Learn more about TBL, its development, and effectiveness across disciplines...