Connecting Classroom Learning with Societal Issues
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Pedagogic guidance for bringing service learning into your classroom
There are many benefits of service learning, including enhancing student learning and personal development while also providing benefits to other constituents. These advantages, among others, are discussed in the Service Learning module from Pedagogy in Action. This module contains pedagogic grounding in using the service learning method, ideas for classroom implementation, and examples of over 30 service learning projects from a variety of disciplines.
The On the Cutting Edge project explored the use of service learning in a geoscience context. As a result of a 2010 workshop, the module Service Learning in the Geosciences was produced. This module contains resources about project design, student motivation, assessment, and more than 35 geoscience examples of service learning projects.
What concepts or outcomes can be addressed using service learning?
During the 2012 workshop, Systems, Society, Sustainability and the Geosciences, faculty discussed service learning as a means to teach about sustainability and to link classroom learning to community challenges. The concepts in the following three sections stem from those discussions.
Using service learning, students can:
- see the relevance and tangible application of how concepts learned in class relate to society
- develop an understanding of the research process from "big ideas" to experimental design to analysis
- experience the complexity and unpredictability of engaging with real world problems
- learn to synthesize, integrate, and infer relationships
- develop independence and learn professionalism
- understand the nature of non-unique solutions
- be resourceful to solve challenges independently and creatively
- develop "soft skills" in working with community partners
- see themselves as relevant and empowered
- improve motivation and take their work more seriously when they have a real client.
Designing, executing and assessing a service learning project can be a complex process that is not without risks. You can take advantage of the wealth of experience, resources, and materials developed by other faculty.
- Scale the project so that it is appropriate for the skill level of the students and the time frame allotted.
- Have classroom content that dovetails with service learning activities.
- Have students write about their activities in a journal, blog or web page as one mechanism for assessment.
- Make use of expertise and resources from the community/stakeholders.
- Have a class collectively participate in a research project from conception to completion.
- Scaled activities can be effective and increase student motivation. For example, there might be an expected level of effort for a course, but additional effort may lead to co-authorship of a paper.
- Outsourcing research experiences is a possibility to help manage faculty loads and broaden student experience.
- Use service learning successes to improve town-gown relations.
A successful service learning project requires cooperation at many levels: from students, community partners, institutional administration, and departments. Thus, there are many pathways to creating a robust environment for service learning.
- Develop partnerships with research institutions who have capacity to take on small student projects. Read more about finding service learning partners.
- Opportunities to integrate disciplines or create partnerships around a central theme (a water cycle mural project combining art and science, for example).
- Convey to students why a research experience is important for them (e.g. a product to share with potential employers or graduate advisors).
- Strengthen or create new outlets for presentation, sharing and publication of student research or products of service learning.
- Make use of online tools such as the National Service Learning Clearinghouse and Campus Compact.
- Develop strategies and resources for teaching research skills.
- Have students do the leg work to develop their own projects.
- Develop mechanisms for connecting the faculty/class resources with community needs (matchmaking).
- Pursue support from administration to address challenges and limited resources available to support student research.
- Have coursework support research and work towards an integrated curriculum.
- Communicate the value of student research projects to administration and peer colleagues (e.g. for promotion/tenure).
- Develop a white paper on the importance of research and service learning in undergraduate education.
- Create a virtual faculty mentoring program through an online forum or email list to share the experience.
Materials and Resources for Service Learning
See how other faculty are using service learning projects with these examples from a range of disciplines and learning environments.
Collections of service learning projects
Service learning example projects, from Pedagogy in Action, contains projects from the sciences, economics and education.
Service learning projects, from On the Cutting Edge, has examples from the geosciences.
Relevant materials from InTeGrate workshop participants
Courses that use service learning: