Geology of a graveyard
This activity has benefited from input from faculty educators beyond the author through a review and suggestion process.
This review took place as a part of a faculty professional development workshop where groups of faculty reviewed each others' activities and offered feedback and ideas for improvements. To learn more about the process On the Cutting Edge uses for activity review, see http://serc.carleton.edu/NAGTWorkshops/review.html.
This page first made public: May 25, 2008
Used this activity? Share your experiences and modifications
This is a simple field experiment exercise that illustrates differences between basic rock types and weathering in a region.
Introductory level course for non majors- it would most likely would work best with a smaller group of students in a laboratory setting.
Skills and concepts that students must have mastered
Students need to be able to identify some basic rock types (granite, marble), also need concept of weathering (chemical and physical), along with basic knowledge of climate of the region (humid, arid).
How the activity is situated in the course
This activity can be used as a stand alone exercise in lab, or as a sequence of exercises; primarily depending on logistics including size of the class and how much travel must be done.
Content/concepts goals for this activity
Recognize basic rock types in field (primarily marble/granite/gneiss); be able to make observations and inferences about weathering of tombstones in context with local climate conditions (amount of rainfall,average temperature/rate of weathering).
Higher order thinking skills goals for this activity
Students should be able to express initial opinions, e.g. do they expect to see changes on tombstones in a cemetery based on different factors (i.e. rock type, age of tombstone, change in weathering rate). Also be able to compare/contrast results with other data from other regions (e.g. arid region).
Other skills goals for this activity
Students could turn in individual or group reports with initial descriptions/observations and photos of examples used in report, which would facilitate either teamwork/communication within group, or individual written and oral communication.
Description of the activity/assignment
To prepare for the exercise, students research the climate of their own area, including average temperature, rainfall, and climate to learn whether weathering (primarily chemical) has a major impact in their area. They also must understand which rock types are susceptible to chemical weathering and why. Correct identification of rocks is essential for accurate interpretation, and gives intro students experience outside of hand samples in lab.
Determining whether students have met the goals
Individual written reports most likely best tool for assessment of understanding, as limited rock types in graveyard would lead to repetitious group reports. Also, evaluation of understanding could be discussed in the field, and the comparison/contrast with other climates could be given as homework or short report.More information about assessment tools and techniques.
Download teaching materials and tips