After successfully completing this exercise, students will be able to recognize channel deposits in outcrop and visualize the 3D shapes of channels that could produce the 2D cross-sectional shapes we see in outcrops.
Context for Use
This pair of exercises is designed to get students thinking about the possible geometries of channel deposits in outcrop, and what the geometry of that 2D exposure tells us about the 3D morphology of the stream deposit.
Description and Teaching Materials
Slices through channel-shaped objects (Microsoft Word 2007 (.docx) 12.3MB May19 15)
Slices through geological channels (Microsoft Word 2007 (.docx) 4.6MB May19 15)
Teaching Notes and Tips
When students have completed the second exercise, I lead a discussion on the final question (What are the features in outcrops that you look for to recognize channels?). I make sure that answers include concave up, lateral pinching, and truncation of lower layers.
This exercise was developed as part of a set of exercises to support 3D visualization skills. These exercises had an intended order. Instructors can pick and choose the exercises, but the order we intended was as follows:
I take a quick look at students' answers to see how well they are able to complete the exercise.
References and Resources
Using Gesture to Support Spatial Thinking highlights the value of gesture in communicating spatial information. It consists of two short exercises, and can be used in preparation for any other exercise in which students will be asked to use gesture to communicate spatial information.