Starting Point-Teaching Entry Level Geoscience > Role Playing > Role-Playing Scenarios > The Sleeping Mountain
Explore Teaching Examples | Provide Feedback

The Sleeping Mountain

Scenario by Janice Cooper, revised by Ramya Chari and curated by Dr. Glenn Jaecks (U.C. Davis) - Starting Point page by R. Teed (SERC).
Author Profile

This resource received a gold-star rating from a Panel Peer Review

These materials were reviewed using face-to-face NSF-style review panel of geoscience and geoscience education experts to review groups of resources addressing a single theme. Panelists wrote reviews that addressed the criteria:

  1. scientific accuracy and currency
  2. usability and
  3. pedagogical effectiveness
Reviewers rated the resources:
  1. Accept
  2. Accept with minor revisions
  3. Accept with major revisions, or
  4. Reject.
They also singled out those resources they considered particularly exemplary, which are given a gold star rating.

Following the panel meetings, the conveners wrote summaries of the panel discussion for each resource; these were transmitted to the creator, along with anonymous versions of the reviews. Relatively few resources were accepted as is. In most cases, the majority of the resources were either designated as 1) Reject or 2) Accept with major revisions. Resources were most often rejected for their lack of completeness to be used in a classroom or they contained scientific inaccuracies.

This activity was selected for the On the Cutting Edge Reviewed Teaching Collection

This activity has received positive reviews in a peer review process involving five review categories. The five categories included in the process are

  • Scientific Accuracy
  • Alignment of Learning Goals, Activities, and Assessments
  • Pedagogic Effectiveness
  • Robustness (usability and dependability of all components)
  • Completeness of the ActivitySheet web page

For more information about the peer review process itself, please see http://serc.carleton.edu/NAGTWorkshops/review.html.

This page first made public: Mar 30, 2005

This material is replicated on a number of sites as part of the SERC Pedagogic Service Project


In this role-playing scenario, students represent townspeople whose lives and livelihoods are endangered by an active volcano that may or may not erupt in the near future. They must debate whether to invest in or to abandon their town. The site outlines the roles and includes a description of the original, real volcano that inspired the scenario, Mammoth Mountain in California, with a list of links. Before the debate, the students must research monitoring volcano activity and write a paper about it.

Learning Goals

Students will:

Context for Use

The debate should take one discussion period and student preparation a little longer than that.

Teaching Materials

The Sleeping Mountain scenario is well-developed and includes links, scientific background, and characters. Students will need access to research materials, including Internet-capable computers. It is interesting to compare the resort's Ski Trail Map and the USGS information. Variants of one or both of these should be given to certain students (depending on their perspective of the area).

Teaching Notes and Tips

This exercise is ready to run, although educators may wish to customize the scenario a bit. I would add the USGS Mammoth Mountain Page (more info) to the "required" list.


There is a 3-page paper due the day of the debate on volcano monitoring that will help prepare the students. The assignment includes links to helpful advice on writing papers.

References and Resources

An interesting counterpoint to the links about the geologic hazard at Mammoth Mountain provided in the Sleeping Mountain Scenario are these optimistic tourist-business sites. Understandably, none of them mention the active volcano under the resort.

Other approaches to role-playing that involve volcanoes are:


Geoscience:Geology, Environmental Science:Natural Hazards:Volcanism, Geography:Human/Cultural

Resource Type

Activities:Classroom Activity, Activities

Special Interest


Grade Level

College Lower (13-14):Introductory Level

Ready for Use

Ready to Use, Meets Peer Review Standard:Anonymous Peer Review

Earth System Topics

Geography, Solid Earth, Human Dimensions:Natural Hazards, Solid Earth:Volcanoes


Human Dimensions/Resources, Earth surface


Teach the Earth:Teaching Environments:Intro Geoscience, Teach the Earth:Teaching Topics:Volcanoes, Teach the Earth:Incorporating Societal Issues:Hazards, Teach the Earth:Course Topics:Environmental Science

See more Role-Playing Scenarios »