Assessment and Active Learning Strategies for Introductory Geology Courses
D.A. McConnell, D.N. Steer, K.A. Owens March 2003 Journal of Geoscience Education v51 no2 p205-216
This article describes several techniques to promote active learning in the classroom, like Conceptests, Venn diagrams, and image analysis, and compares classes taught using these with those using traditional lectures. The interactive-lecture students did slightly (2%) better on multiple-choice exams than their traditionally-taught counterparts, and considerably (7%) on exams that required higher-level thinking.