Cryosphere Module References

Climate and the Cryosphere: Unit Overview

  • Qiu, J., 2010. Measuring the Meltdown. Nature, 468 (7321), 141-142.

Lab 1: Getting to Know the Cryosphere

  • Vihma, T., 2014. Effects of Arctic sea ice decline on weather and climate: A review. Surveys in Geophysics, 35(5), 1175-1214.

Lab 2: Earth's Frozen Oceans

  • Ross, D., 1995. Introduction to Oceanography. New York: HarperCollins College Publishers. pp. 199-226, 339-343.
  • Fryar, C. D., Gu, Q., & Ogden, C. L., 2012. Anthropometric reference data for children and adults: United States, 2007-2010. Vital and health statistics. Series 11, Data from the national health survey, (252), 1-48.

Lab 3: Land Ice

  • All About Glaciers. National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC). Web.
  • "Fastest Glacier." PBS Learning Media. Web.

Lab 5: Evidence of Recent Change

  • "How much water is there on, in, and above the Earth?" USGS. 19 March 2014. Web.
  • Great Lakes Facts and Figures. Great Lakes Information Network. 30 June 2015. Web.
  • Freedman, A., 2013. NOAA: 2012 Hottest & 2nd-Most Extreme Year On Record. Web.

Lab 6: Future of the Cryosphere

  • The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 2001. Climate Change 2001: Summary for Policymakers. Web.
  • Riebeek, H., 2010. Global Warming. NASA Earth Observatory. Web.
  • Poore, R.Z., Williams, R.S., Jr., and Tracey, Christopher, 2000. Sea level and climate: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 002–00. Web.

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