# Salt Marshes: estimation techniques using basic algebra and geometry

**This activity was selected for the On the Cutting Edge Reviewed Teaching Collection**

This activity has received positive reviews in a peer review process involving five review categories. The five categories included in the process are

- Scientific Accuracy
- Alignment of Learning Goals, Activities, and Assessments
- Pedagogic Effectiveness
- Robustness (usability and dependability of all components)
- Completeness of the ActivitySheet web page

For more information about the peer review process itself, please see http://serc.carleton.edu/NAGTWorkshops/review.html.

This page first made public: Dec 23, 2014

#### Summary

In this lab activity students will read about some facts of salt marshes ecology and use real-life data to make estimations about fiddler crab colony population & food material consumption, practice calculations of measures of central tendency, work with proportions & percents, and use basic geometry to estimate volumes of water absorbed by the marshes due to fiddler crab colony activity.

## Learning Goals

Educates students about functions of, positive and negative economic importance of the salt marshes.

Engages students in civil discourse/ communications that lead to more effective decisions.

It advances student literacy around sustainability issues.

Encourages self-reflection and personal development of their voice for solving societal challenges

## Context for Use

No equipment necessary.

Appropriate as a quick review of basic math and word problem solving in college algebra, precalculus, or calculus class

Appropriate in general biology classes as a basic math skills pratice

## Description and Teaching Materials

i) One page scientific text on ecology of salt marshes and fiddler crabs

ii) A sample of fiddler crab data (Figure 1, included in the document)

iii) A picture of fiddler crab's prosoma (shell) and how width and height were measured (Figure 2, included in the document)

iv) A picture of a 1 meter grid of burrows in a marsh environment (Figure 3, included in the document)

Math Skill Practice will be based on:

1) volume of a cylinder

2) definition of a mean (average)

3) ratio

4) proportion

5) percent Salt Marshes Math Lab with Answers (Acrobat (PDF) 654kB May17 14)

## Teaching Notes and Tips

## Assessment

Each of the 25 skills practice questions has a range of possible answers. The key is provided for general guidance. Student work can be graded as percentage of 25 possible points.

Discussion questions are open ended and can take up a whole period and/or assigned as essays.

## References and Resources

http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Uca_pugilator/