Publications and presentations

In press

Book chapters

LaDue, N.D., and Shipley, T.F. (invited, submitted in December, 2018). Click-on-Diagram Questions: Using clickers to engage students in visual-spatial reasoning. In Mintzes, J.J., and Walter, E.M. (Eds.), Active Learning in College Science: The Case for Evidence Based Practice. Springer.


Conference presentations and sessions

LaDue, N.D. (2019). Using clickers to engage students in visuo-spatial thinking. Breakout session. Chicago Symposium, Naperville, IL.


Journal articles

Davatzes, Alexandra, Kristin Gagnier, Ilyse Resnick, and Thomas F. Shipley (2018). Learning to Form Accurate Mental Models : Eos, 99, Published on 07 February 2018.

LaDue, Nicole D. and Thomas F. Shipley (2018). Click-on-Diagram Questions: A New Tool to Study Conceptions Using Classroom Response Systems: Journal of Science Education and Technology, v. 27, n. 6, pp. 492-507.

McLaughlin, J. A., Lombardi, D., Holzer, M. A., Hopkins, J. D., Davatzes, A., Jaeger, A. J., and Shipley, T. F. (2018). What's hidden beneath? Using spatial sketching and feedback to help deepen students' understanding of Earth's subsurface. The Science Teacher, 54(3), 54-60.

Resnick, Ilyse, Kim A. Kastens, and Thomas F. Shipley (2018). How students reason about visualizations from large professionally collected data sets: A study of students approaching the threshold of data proficiency: Journal of Geoscience Education, 66:1, 55-76,

Conference presentations and sessions

LaDue, Nicole (2018). Greater than the Sum of its Parts: Collaborations between Scientists and Education Researchers. American Geophysical Union annual fall meeting (Washington DC).

LaDue, N.D., and Moore, J.W. (2018). A 2x2 Study of Spatial Feedback to Improve Topographic Map Skill Using the Augmented Reality Sandbox. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. Vol. 50, No. 6,

LaDue, N.D., Moore, J.M., and Shipley, T.F. (2018). Using the Augmented Reality Sandbox to Improve Topographic Map Skill, ED43H-1310. American Geophysical Union Meeting, Washington, D.C.

Ormand, C., Shipley, T.F., and LaDue, N.D. (2018). Strengthening Students' Spatial Thinking Skills. Geological Society of America Annual Conference. Short Course Session No. 528.


Journal articles

Cheek, K.A., LaDue, N.D., and Shipley, T.F. (2017). Learning about Spatial and Temporal Scale: Current Research, Psychological Processes, and Classroom Implications. Journal of Geoscience Education Special Issue: Synthesizing Results and Defining Future Directions of Geoscience Education Research, 65, 455-472.

Conference presentations

Davatzes, A.K., Shipley, T.F., LaDue, N.D., and Lombardi, D. (2017). An Interdisciplinary Approach to Building Students Spatial Thinking Skills from High School to College. Session 23A. 2017 Goldschmidt Conference, Paris, France.

LaDue, Nicole, and Thomas F. Shipley (2017). Using Classroom Response Systems to Study Spatial Conceptions in Introductory Geology. GSA Annual Meeting (Seattle, Washington). See abstract.

Myer, Rachel A., Allison J. Jaeger, Jessica A. McLaughlin, Doug Lombardi, Thomas F. Shipley, and Alexandra K. Davatzes (2017). Methods for Improving Students' Spatial Reasoning about Earth's Subsurface. GSA Annual Meeting (Seattle, Washington). See abstract.

Shipley, Thomas F. and Allison J. Jaeger (2017). Improving 3D Diagram Comprehension with Incorrect Worked Examples (Invited Presentation). GSA Annual Meeting (Seattle, Washington). See abstract.


Shipley, T.F., LaDue, N.D., and Brudzinski, M. (2017). IRIS Webinar: An Interdisciplinary Approach to Understanding and Promoting Spatial Learning Processes in the Geosciences.