Initial Publication Date: February 24, 2016

Carbon Module References

Climate and the Carbon Cycle: Unit Overview

  • Qiu, J., 2010. Measuring the Meltdown. Nature, 468 (7321), 141-142.

Lab 1: Living in a Carbon World

Lab 2: Carbon on the Move!

Data sources for the Carbon Cycle interactive in Lab 2B:

  • The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 2007. Fourth Assessment Report: Climate Change; fig. 7.3
  • U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Biological and Environmental Research. Components of the Carbon Cycle. Web
  • Bralower, T. and Bice, D, Professors of Geosciences, College of Earth and Mineral Science, The Pennsylvania State University. In: Earth in the Future e-module; The Global Carbon Cycle, Fiq 5.1.
  • UCAR Center for Science Education. Carbon Cycle Diagram from NASA. Web

Lab 3: Carbon in the Atmosphere

  • Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center. Recent Greenhouse Gas Concentrations DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/atg.032 Web
  • The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 2007. TS. 2.1 Greenhouse Gases Report: Climate Change; 2007

Lab 4: Deforestation and the Carbon Cycle

  • George A. Ban-Weiss, Govindasamy Bala, Long Cao, Julia Pongratz, Ken Caldeira. Climate forcing and response to idealized changes in surface latent and sensible heat. Environmental Research Letters, 2011; DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/6/3/034032

Lab 5: Soil and The Carbon Cycle

  • Colin Averill, Benjamin L. Turner, Adrien C. Finzi. Mycorrhiza-mediated competition between plants and decomposers drives soil carbon storage. Nature, 2014; DOI: 10.1038/nature12901
  • Michael W. I. Schmidt, Margaret S. Torn, Samuel Abiven, Thorsten Dittmar, Georg Guggenberger, Ivan A. Janssens, Markus Kleber, Ingrid Kögel-Knabner, Johannes Lehmann, David A. C. Manning, Paolo Nannipieri, Daniel P. Rasse, Steve Weiner, Susan E. Trumbore. Persistence of soil organic matter as an ecosystem property. Nature, 2011; 478 (7367): 49 DOI: 10.1038/nature10386
  • Ohio State University. (2004, April 19). Rattan Lal. No-till Farming Offers A Quick Fix To Help Ward Off Host Of Global Problems. ScienceDaily. Retrieved February 23, 2016 from

Lab 6: Oceans and the Carbon Cycle

Lab 7: Ocean Acidification

  • Glen P. Peters, Robbie M. Andrew, Tom Boden, Josep G. Canadell, Philippe Ciais, Corinne Le Quéré, Gregg Marland, Michael R. Raupach, Charlie Wilson. The challenge to keep global warming below 2 °C. Nature Climate Change, 2012; DOI: 10.1038/nclimate1783
  • Mario Lebrato, Debora Iglesias-Rodriguez, Richard Feely, Dana Greeley, Daniel Jones, Nadia Suarez-Bosche, Richard Lampitt, Joan Cartes, Darryl Green, and Belinda Alker. Global contribution of echinoderms to the marine carbon cycle: a re-assessment of the oceanic CaCO3 budget and the benthic compartments. Ecological Monographs, 2009; 091222124538045 DOI: 10.1890/09-0553

Lab 8: Slowing Down an Amplifying Greenhouse Effect

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