How Learning Works: Seven Research-Based Principles for Smart Teaching
Susan A. Ambrose, Michael W. Bridges, Michele DiPietro, Marsha C. Lovett, and Marie K. Norman 2010 John Wiley and Sons
This book is based on the seven 'Theory and Research-based Principles of Learning,' which are used with permission of Carnegie Mellon University's Eberly Center for Teaching Exellence. These principles are:
(1) Students' prior knowledge can help or hinder learning.
(2) How students organize knowledge influences how they learn and apply what they know.
(3) Students' motivation determines, directs, and sustains what they do to learn.
(4) To develop mastery, students must acquire component skills, practice integrating them, and know when to apply what they have learned.
(5) Goal-directed practice coupled with targeted feedback enhances the quality of students' learning.
(6) Students' current level of development interacts with the social, emotional, and intellectual climate of the course to impact learning.
(7) To become self-directed learners, students must learn to monitor and adjust their approaches to learning.
Subject: Education Resource Type: Scientific Resources:Overview/Reference Work, Pedagogic Resources:Overview/Summary, Book Research on Learning: Affective Domain:Student Motivation, Student Attitudes, Cognitive Domain:Metacognition, How information is organized:Mental models, Cognitive Domain:Misconceptions/barriers to learning, Cognitive Development