Students' Mental Models of the Environment
D.P. Shepardson, B. Wee, M. Priddy, J. Harbor 2007 Journal of Research in Science Teaching v44 p327-348

This qualitative study of noted that students' perceptions of environment can be categorized into four models. Most students, regardless of age, tend to have a mental model of the environment as "a place where animals/plants live – a natural place. However, a significantly higher percentage of urban students thought of the environment as "a place impacted or modified by humans", compared to their suburban and rural peers.

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