John W. Kimball

This online textbook chapter reviews symbiotic relationships, specifically mutualism, commensalism, and parasitism. The chapter includes examples for each relationship as well as a discussion about the evolution of symbiosis. Links direct readers to related chapters within the collection.

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Subject: Biology, Microbiology, Ecology:Symbiotic Relations:Commensalism, Biology:Evolution, Ecology:Symbiotic Relations:Parasitism, Biology:Ecology:Symbiotic Relations, Symbiotic Relations:Mutualism
Resource Type: Scientific Resources:Overview/Reference Work, Course Information:Course Site:Course Notes
Grade Level: College Lower (13-14), High School (9-12)Keywords: nitrogen fixation, endosymbiosis, cleaning sybmiosis, epiphytes