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ConcepTest: Stream Baseflow During Droughts

ConcepTest questions by David McConnell , David Steer , Walter Borowski, Jeffrey Dick, Annabelle Foos, Jeffrey Knott, Alvin Konigsberg, Michelle Malone, Heidi McGrew, Kathie Owens, and Stephen Van Horn


What happens to the volume of water that passes from groundwater to streams during a prolonged drought?

a. it increases
b. it decreases
c. no change

Student Responses:

No data yet. The correct response is b.

If you would like to help acquire more Before and After statistics for this example, please contact the authors (see link at top of page).

References and Notes:


Geoscience:Hydrology:Ground Water:Water cycle/groundwater-surface water interface, Environmental Science:Natural Hazards:Extreme Weather:Drought, Geoscience:Atmospheric Science:Meteorology:Extreme weather, Geoscience:Atmospheric Science:Climatology , Meteorology:Seasonal patterns

Resource Type

Activities:Classroom Activity:Short Activity:ConcepTests

Special Interest


Grade Level

College Lower (13-14):Introductory Level

Ready for Use

Ready to Use

Earth System Topics

Hydrology:Surface Water, Surface Processes:Rivers and Lakes, Climate, Earth's Cycles:Hydrologic Cycle, Hydrology:Ground Water, Atmosphere, Human Dimensions:Natural Hazards, Atmosphere:Weather


Hydrosphere/Cryosphere:Groundwater:Water cycle/groundwater-surface water interface, Climate


Teach the Earth:Course Topics:Environmental Science, Teach the Earth:Incorporating Societal Issues:Hazards, Teach the Earth:Teaching Environments:Intro Geoscience, Teach the Earth:Teaching Topics:Water, Teach the Earth:Course Topics:Atmospheric Science, Teach the Earth:Teaching Topics:Weather, Teach the Earth:Incorporating Societal Issues:Climate Change, Teach the Earth:Course Topics:Hydrology/Hydrogeology