BotEC: The San Andreas Fault's Rate of Movement
The San Andrea is an active fault zone, marked by frequent earthquake activity. The crust southwest of this strike-slip fault (including Los Angeles) is sliding to the northwest relative to the other side.
It is possible to estimate the average annual rate of movement by recognizing rock of an earlier geologic age that have been cut and offset by the lateral movement along the fault. Below is a generalized geologic map of southern California, which shows Pliocene-Miocene age rocks offset along the San Andreas fault. The age of these rocks have been determined to be 25 million years. What is the average annual rate of movement in centimeters per year along the San Andreas fault?
References and Resources
This SERC page describes the use of Back of the Envelope Calculations
The Back of the Envelope : This page outlines one of the essays in the book "Programming Pearls" (ISBN 0-201-65788-0). The book is written for computer science faculty and students, but this portion speaks very well to back of the envelope calculations in general.
Controlled Vocabulary Terms
Resource Type: Activities:Classroom Activity:Short Activity
Special Interest: Quantitative, Hazards
Grade Level: High School (9-12), College Lower (13-14), College Upper (15-16)
Quantitative Skills: Estimation
Ready for Use: Ready to Use
Topics: Solid Earth:Structural Geology:Folds/Faults/Ductile Shear Zones
Theme: Teach the Earth:Teaching Topics:Earthquakes, Teach the Earth:Course Topics:Environmental Science, Teach the Earth:Incorporating Societal Issues:Hazards, Teach the Earth:Course Topics:Structural Geology