In this activity, a study of Urban Heat Islands serves as an example for conducting a map-based science research project. The chapter gives you guidelines for using a Geographic Information System (My World GISTM) as a way to display and analyze student-collected data. Original research produced by following these guidelines would be appropriate for a science fair or a class project.
This chapter walks you through a five-step GIS research process: ASK a Geographic Question, ACQUIRE Geographic Resources, EXPLORE Geographic Data, ANALYZE the Geographic Information, and ACT on the Geographic Knowledge. Building on a concrete example, you are encouraged to design your own experiment, collect and record geospatial data, analyze relationships in a GIS, draw conclusions to your environmental question, and communicate the results to others.
This chapter is part of the Earth Exploration Toolbook. Each chapter provides teachers and/or students with direct practice for using scientific tools to analyze Earth science data. Students should begin on the Case Study page.
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