Black Smokers

Kathy Svitil, PBS Online

This brief web article features black smokers and discusses the history of their discovery, the geologic processes creating black smokers, and the various life forms inhabiting this extreme environment. As part of the PBS “Savage Earth” series, the site contains animations of basic geologic processes, QuickTime videos and additional web articles discussing the ring of fire, the Kola well in Russia, the internal structure of the Earth, earthquakes, volcanoes, and tsunamis. This website also provides a link to the PBS home, where other PBS online programs can be found. The QuickTime program is required to view the videos and can be downloaded free of charge on site.

Subject: Biology:Microbiology, Ecology:Habitats:Marine, Geoscience:Oceanography:Chemical, Geoscience:Hydrology, Geology:Tectonics, Geophysics, Geoscience:Oceanography:Marine Geology and Geophysics
Resource Type: Scientific Resources:Overview/Reference Work, Audio/Visual:Animations/Video
Grade Level: General Public, College Lower (13-14), Middle (6-8), High School (9-12), Intermediate (3-5), Primary (K-2)
Extreme Environments: Extremely Hot
Topics: Hydrosphere/Cryosphere, Biosphere:Microbiology, Ocean:Chemical Oceanography, Marine Geology and Geophysics, Biosphere:Ecology:Habitats:Marine, Solid Earth:Tectonics