Hurricanes > Lab 2: Hurricane Anatomy > 2B: Types of Satellite Data

Hurricane Anatomy

Part B: Types of Satellite Data

Step 1: Satellites and Forecasting

Click the image to watch this NASA video on how researchers study and forecast hurricanes, then answer the questions that follow.
Looking at Hurricanes - NASA
Frame from a NASA flash movie about the modern satellite methods of collecting and analyzing data about hurricanes. Details

Checking in Questions

Answer the following questions to check your understanding of the information provided in the video.
  • Fill in the blanks:
    "The ultimate energy source for hurricanes is the _________ of tropical oceans. The warm waters evaporate, and the ________ ________ is the fuel that powers hurricane heat engines."
    "The ultimate energy source for hurricanes is the warmth of tropical oceans. The warm waters evaporate, and the water vapor is the fuel that powers hurricane heat engines."
  • In the Northern Hemisphere, winds spiral in towards the center of a hurricane in a particular direction. Which is it - Clockwise or Counterclockwise? Hint: The video is only talking about Northern Hemisphere storms.

Stop and Think

1: The video mentioned that the amount of rain that fell during Hurricane Isabel's lifetime was 400 trillion tons of water. (Remember that a trillion is the same as 1.0 x 1012.) Knowing that a ton is 2000 pounds and one pound is equivalent to 2.20 kg, how many kg of water is this? Do the calculation and write your answer in scientific notation.
2: If we say that the density of water is 1.0 x 1012 kg per cubic kilometer, how many cubic kilometers of water condensed as rain out of Hurricane Isabel?
3: How does your answer compare to the volume of Lake Superior which contains 12,100 cubic kilometers of water?

Step 2: Hurricane Frances

Artist rendering of the AQUA satellite
This image is a frame from a NASA visualization that discusses Hurricane Francis and how it became an incredibly powerful storm during the 2004 Atlantic hurricane season. The visualization lasts for 1 minute 13 seconds and is available from the NASA Goddard Flight Center's News website. Details

Hurricane Frances was a Category 4 storm that occurred during the 2004 Atlantic hurricane season. Frances was the 2nd of three hurricanes that affected the state of Florida during this season. This video is a news release from NASA about what scientists were able to learn by observing the storm.

Checking in Questions

  • Which satellite does NASA use to study sea surface temperatures (SST)?
    The AQUA satellite is used to study SST.

Step 3: Rainfall from Hurricane Wilma

This visualization presents data collected by the TRMM satellite on the cumulative rainfall over the lifespan of Hurricane Wilma. Consult the color scale image to interpret what the different colors mean.

Hurricane Wilma Rain Accumulation
Cumulative rain totals for Hurricane Wilma as of October 25, 2005. The image is a frame taken from a NASA data animation lasting 13.3 seconds and can be found at the Scientific Visualization Studio website. Details
Cumulative Rain Amount Scale
Color scale for interpreting cumulative rain totals in NASA Hurricane Wilma Rain Totals visualization. Details

Stop and Think

4: Why does there seem to be less cumulative rainfall during the time Wilma is traversing the Florida peninsula than when it was in the vicinity of the Yucatan Peninsula? Hypothesize about the factors involved and support your hypotheses with observations from the video.

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