EarthLabs > Climate and the Carbon Cycle: Unit Overview > Lab 3: Carbon in the Atmosphere

Carbon in the Atmosphere

Introduction



In the atmosphere, carbon exists primarily in the form of carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane gas (CH4). In the global carbon cycle, the atmosphere serves as a Grand Central Station, with carbon dioxide moving into and out of the atmosphere through multiple natural exchange points such as plants, animals, soils, sediments and oceans.

Over Earth's history, slow carbon cycles and fast carbon cycles have worked in tandem to stabilize the carbon cycle. However, burning fossil fuels, deforestation and other land use changes are disrupting the carbon cycle by increasing the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. This disruption is significant for our climate because carbon dioxide is the most important gas for controlling Earth's atmospheric temperature.


In Part A, you will use an animation, charts, and a short video to learn the basics of greenhouse gas chemistry, including what carbon compounds exist in the atmosphere and their relationship to the greenhouse effect. In Part B, you will use a graph and videos on historical ice core carbon dioxide (CO2)data to investigate the relationship between ices ages, interglacial periods and changes in CO2 levels. In Part C, you will examine more current CO2and temperature data to reveal the relationship between current trends in global temperatures and atmospheric carbon dioxide levels. Using NOAA's CarbonTracker, you will investigate and compare atmospheric CO2 time series data sampled from different parts of the world.

After completing this investigation, you should be able to:

Keeping Track of What You Learn

Throughout these labs, you will find three kinds of questions. Your teacher will let you know which answers you should record and turn in.

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