Gender, Martial Status, and Earnings
Berk (1985) proposed that the family is a "gender factory"; that is, families are social institutions in which ideas about gender are formed, enforced, and reproduced across generations. This exercise examines the relationships between marital status and earnings among women aged 25 and over, using data from the 1990 U.S. Census. We will attempt to answer the following question: Does marital status influence earnings among women?
- Read a cross-tabulation to identify and describe the relationship between two variables.
- Develop hypotheses and identify independent and dependent variables.
- Describe the conditions necessary for causation and evaluate relationships based on the criteria for causation.
- Be familiar with how controls are used to identify spurious relationships.
- To discuss the topic of marital status and earnings among women.
Context for Use
Description and Teaching Materials
Teaching Notes and Tips
References and Resources
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