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Education in America
Focusing on education, we will examine the changes from 1950 to 1990 in the numbers, race, gender, and occupations of high school and college graduates. Turning our attention to cohorts and population structure, we will trace birth trends over the past four decades, namely the Baby Boom, and discuss possible causes and effects.
Occupational Sex Segregation
Occupational sex segregation will be studied by focusing on traditionally gender-oriented occupations and analyzing which have an increasing proportion of males or females, and which are still mainly gender-specific jobs. These analyses will be done by age group to study trends at different stages of people's careers.
Gender, Occupation and Earnings
Overall, we see that even when controlling for occupation, gender continues to affect earnings: women make less than men. Regardless of occupation, we find that a higher proportion of women than men fall into the low-income categories. Likewise, a higher proportion of men than women fall into the high-income categories. Students will explore these ideas by analyzing the effects of gender, occupation and education on earnings.
Occupational Sex Segregation and Earnings Differences
For this exercise we will: 1) examine sex segregation in employment from 1950 to 2000. 2) examine trends within three specific occupations of your choosing, and 3) for either doctors or lawyers, investigate gender and race differences on earnings and see if these differences change when we control for age.
Principles of Sociology
We have spent the last few weeks discussing race, class, and gender inequalities and how sociologists conceptualize these inequalities on the structural, rather than the individual, level. In this second research report, you will have the opportunity to apply this structural perspective. You will use U.S. Census data from 1950 to 1990 to analyze shifts in occupational structures in your home state and how these shifts vary by race, sex, or education.
Race and Ethnic Inequality
This activity provides a look at race and ethnicity inequality in the United States over time.
How do socioeconomic outcomes of immigrants vary according to location and race in the New York City Metropolitan Area?
In this moduel, students will explore urban residential choice across different populations in New York.
Spatial Variation in immigrant and minority incorporation: Are there advantages to being a racial or ethnic minority in a low or moderate immigration state?
In this module, students will explore trends in education and occupational attainment among minority groups.
Data Analysis of Socio-Economic Status
The purpose of this assignment is to apply what you have learned in this course regarding the consequences of marginalization to an analysis of actual Census data for the United States in the year 2000. For this assignment, we will explore the impact of racial affiliation and sex on social class, as represented by socio-economic status (SES): level of education, occupation and income.
Social Structure-Personality: What is the relationship between social class and child-rearing values?
The sociologist, Melvin Kohn, argued that people's locations in social structures, particularly the occupational structure, influenced the values they would stress for their children because variations in structural locations exposed them to different experiences.