# SSAC Geology of National Parks Modules

This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant Number NSF DUE-0836566. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.

Following are short descriptions of the available modules. To access any of them, select from the list and you will connect to cover material including learning goals, context of use, and other information. Within the cover material (under "Teaching Materials") there is a link by which you can download the student version of the module. You can also request an instructor's version by clicking on the "Instructor Module Request Form" link under Teaching Materials.

To find content, use the search box for a full text search of title, author, and text of the cover pages of the modules. Refined results can be seen in the boxes on the right side of the page. There are 26 modules currently in the collection.

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Vacation! How Long and How Far? -- A Geological Circuit of National Parks in the Colorado Plateau part of Pedagogy in Action:Partners::Examples
Judy A McIlrath University of South Florida, Tampa Created: 2006-11-29 14:21:09 Last Modified: January 05, 2008 18:10
Spreadsheets Across the Curriculum module/Geology of National Parks course. Students estimate travel times and costs of a driving/camping trip to visit national parks in the Colorado Plateau.

Quantitative Concepts: Measurement; Data presentation and analysis; Probability, Basic arithmetic; Number sense:Ratio and proportion; percentage; interpolation, Measurement; Data presentation and analysis; Probability:Gathering data , Basic arithmetic; Number sense:Comparisons; percent difference, change, increase, Rates, Average; weighted average, Unit conversions, Estimation, Units and Dimensions:Unit Conversions, Basic arithmetic; Number sense, Units and Dimensions
Excel Skills: Basic Arithmetic:Percent (format), Basic Arithmetic, Statistical Functions:One array:AVERAGE, Basic Arithmetic:Nested Formulas, Simple Formulas, Arithmetic Functions:SUM, SUMPRODUCT
Subject: Earth & Space Science:Geology, Earth & Space Science

What Does the Mean Mean? Describing Eruptions at Riverside Geyser, Yellowstone National Park part of Pedagogy in Action:Partners::Examples
Module by: Tom Juster, University of South Florida Cover Page by: Len Vacher and Denise Davis, University of South Florida
Spreadsheets Across the Curriculum/Geology of National Parks module. Students study measures of central tendency in a bimodal dataset of eruption intervals.

Quantitative Concepts: Measurement; Data presentation and analysis; Probability:Normal distribution, Descriptive statistics; trend lines :Mean, Measurement; Data presentation and analysis; Probability, Basic arithmetic; Number sense:Comparisons; percent difference, change, increase, Measurement; Data presentation and analysis; Probability:Visual display of data , Visual display of data :Bar graphs; column graphs; stacked bar graphs, Measurement; Data presentation and analysis; Probability:Descriptive statistics; trend lines , Descriptive statistics; trend lines :Median; mode
Excel Skills: Graphs and Charts, Statistical Functions:One array:MODE, Statistical Functions:One array, One array:COUNT, COUNTA, AVERAGE, MAX, MIN, etc, Statistical Functions, Basic Arithmetic:Simple Formulas, Statistical Functions:One array:MEDIAN, Basic Arithmetic
Subject: Environmental Science, Earth & Space Science:Geology, Earth & Space Science, Geology:Earthquakes & Volcanoes

Nitrate Levels in the Rock Creek Park Watershed, Washington DC, 1: Measures of Central Tendency part of Pedagogy in Action:Partners::Examples
Module by: Mark C. Rains and Len Vacher, University of South Florida Marian Norris, National Parks Service, Center for Urban Ecology Cover Page by: Len Vacher and Denise Davis, University of South Florida
Spreadsheets Across the Curriculum module/Geology of National Parks course. Students examine the histogram of a positively skewed data set and calculate its mean, median and mode.

Quantitative Concepts: Measurement; Data presentation and analysis; Probability:Visual display of data :XY scatter plots, Basic arithmetic; Number sense, Average; weighted average, Measurement; Data presentation and analysis; Probability:Visual display of data , Descriptive statistics; trend lines :Mean, Median; mode, Measurement; Data presentation and analysis; Probability:Descriptive statistics; trend lines
Excel Skills: Graphs and Charts:XY Scatterplot, Statistical Functions:One array:MEDIAN, AVERAGE, MODE, Statistical Functions:One array, Graphs and Charts:XY Scatterplot:Multiple Plots, Statistical Functions, Graphs and Charts
Subject: Environmental Science:Human Populations, Environmental Science, Earth & Space Science, Ground & Surface Water, Environmental Science:Resource Use & Consequences:Water Quality & Quantity, Environmental Science:Ecosystem Monitoring, Resource Use & Consequences

Something is Askew at Mammoth Cave National Park part of Pedagogy in Action:Partners::Examples
Module by: Amie O. West, University of South Florida Cover Page by: Amie O. West, University of South Florida
Spreadsheets Across the Curriculum/Geology of National Parks module. Students use the geometric mean and multiplicative standard deviation to examine the right-skewed distribution of nutrient concentrations in water-quality data at Mammoth Cave National Park.

Quantitative Concepts: Basic arithmetic; Number sense:Logarithms; orders of magnitude; scientific notation, Measurement; Data presentation and analysis; Probability:Normal distribution, Visual display of data :Reading graphs, Logarithmic scale, Basic arithmetic; Number sense, Measurement; Data presentation and analysis; Probability:Visual display of data , Descriptive statistics; trend lines :Mean, Measurement; Data presentation and analysis; Probability:Descriptive statistics; trend lines , Descriptive statistics; trend lines :Median; mode, Measurement; Data presentation and analysis; Probability
Excel Skills: Statistical Functions:One array:GEOMEAN, HARMEAN, Other Elementary Math Functions:LOG, LOG10, Basic Arithmetic, Statistical Functions:One array:MEDIAN, AVERAGE, Logic Functions, Statistical Functions:One array:STDEV, STDEVP, etc, Statistical Functions, Logic Functions:IF
Subject: Earth & Space Science:Ground & Surface Water, Earth & Space Science, Environmental Science:Resource Use & Consequences:Water Quality & Quantity

Nitrate Levels in the Rock Creek Park Watershed, Washington DC, 2: Variability part of Pedagogy in Action:Partners::Examples
Module by: Mark C. Rains and Len Vacher, University of South Florida Marian Norris, National Parks Service, Center for Urban Ecology Cover Page by: Len Vacher and Denise Davis, University of South Florida
Spreadsheets Across the Curriculum module/Geology of National Parks course. Students calculate standard deviation and z-values to examine a possible outlier in a positively skewed data set.

Quantitative Concepts: Measurement; Data presentation and analysis; Probability, Basic arithmetic; Number sense, Comparisons; percent difference, change, increase, Number operations:Number operations: addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, Basic arithmetic; Number sense:Average; weighted average, Measurement; Data presentation and analysis; Probability:Visual display of data :XY scatter plots, Measurement; Data presentation and analysis; Probability:Visual display of data , Descriptive statistics; trend lines :Median; mode, Quartiles; percentiles, Standard deviation; variance; range, Mean, Measurement; Data presentation and analysis; Probability:Descriptive statistics; trend lines
Excel Skills: Other Manipulations and Functions, Statistical Functions:One array:MEDIAN, MODE, MAX, MIN, etc, Statistical Functions:One array, Statistical Functions, Graphs and Charts, Statistical Functions:One array:VAR, VARP, etc, STDEV, STDEVP, etc, Basic Arithmetic:Simple Formulas, Percent (format), Basic Arithmetic, Statistical Functions:One array:COUNT, COUNTA, AVERAGE, Graphs and Charts:XY Scatterplot
Subject: Environmental Science:Resource Use & Consequences, Earth & Space Science, Environmental Science:Resource Use & Consequences:Water Quality & Quantity, Environmental Science:Ecosystem Monitoring, Environmental Science

Just How Faithful is Old Faithful? Finding Order in Random Behavior part of Pedagogy in Action:Partners::Examples
Module by: Tom Juster, University of South Florida Cover Page by: Len Vacher and Denise Davis, University of South Florida
Spreadsheets Across the Curriculum/Geology of National Parks Collection. Students create a histogram to examine the time between geyser eruptions of Old Faithful, Yellowstone National Park.

Quantitative Concepts: Measurement; Data presentation and analysis; Probability, Basic arithmetic; Number sense, Rates, Measurement; Data presentation and analysis; Probability:Visual display of data , Visual display of data :Bar graphs; column graphs; stacked bar graphs, Measurement; Data presentation and analysis; Probability:Probability
Excel Skills: Statistical Functions, Graphs and Charts, Statistical Functions:One array, One array:COUNT, COUNTA, MAX, MIN, etc
Subject: Environmental Science:Resource Use & Consequences:Land Use & Planning, Environmental Science:Energy, Natural Hazards, Resource Use & Consequences, Earth & Space Science:Geology, Earth & Space Science, Geology:Earthquakes & Volcanoes, Earth & Space Science:Processes that Shape Earth's Surface, Environmental Science

Spreadsheet Warm Up for SSAC Geology of National Parks Modules part of Pedagogy in Action:Partners::Examples
Module by: Dorien McGee, Meghan Lindsey and Len Vacher, University of South Florida Cover page by: Len Vacher
Spreadsheets Across the Curriculum module/Geology of National Parks course. A tutorial, first module for the course, intended to introduce spreadsheets and the notion of math in an introductory geology course.

Quantitative Concepts: Basic arithmetic; Number sense:Ratio and proportion; percentage; interpolation, Unit conversions, Measurement; Data presentation and analysis; Probability:Descriptive statistics; trend lines , Basic arithmetic; Number sense:Logarithms; orders of magnitude; scientific notation, Order of operations, Units and Dimensions, Basic arithmetic; Number sense, Measurement; Data presentation and analysis; Probability:Descriptive statistics; trend lines :Mean, Basic arithmetic; Number sense:Number operations:Number operations: addition, subtraction, multiplication, division
Excel Skills: Statistical Functions:One array:AVERAGE, Statistical Functions, One array:MAX, MIN, etc, Other Elementary Math Functions, LOG, LOG10

Shifting Sands: Quantifying Shoreline and Dune Migration at Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore part of Pedagogy in Action:Partners::Examples
Module by: Mark Horwitz, University of South Florida Cover Page by: Len Vacher and Denise Davis, University of South Florida
Spreadsheets Across the Curriculum module/Geology of National Parks course. Students use weighted averages and data from air photos from 1939 to 2005 to calculate the rate of retreat of the shoreline and the advance of the front of dunes along the shoreline.

Quantitative Concepts: Basic arithmetic; Number sense:Average; weighted average, Rates, Measurement; Data presentation and analysis; Probability, Basic arithmetic; Number sense:Rates:Rates of Change
Excel Skills: Statistical Functions:One array:AVERAGE
Subject: Environmental Science:Resource Use & Consequences, Earth & Space Science:Geology, Earth & Space Science, Environmental Science:Resource Use & Consequences:Land Use & Planning, Environmental Science, Resource Use & Consequences:Oceans & Coastal Resources

Comparing Stream Discharge in Two Watersheds in Glacier National Park part of Pedagogy in Action:Partners::Examples
Module by: Mark Rains, University of South Florida Cover Page by: Len Vacher and Denise Davis, University of South Florida
Spreadsheets Across the Curriculum module/Geology of National Parks course. Students study how discharge per unit area varies with elevation in the high country of Glacier National Park from USGS hydrograph data from Swiftcurrent Creek and its tributary Grinnell Creek..

Quantitative Concepts: Measurement; Data presentation and analysis; Probability:Uncertainty, Uncertainty:Error; relative error, Measurement; Data presentation and analysis; Probability, Basic arithmetic; Number sense:Comparisons; percent difference, change, increase, Units and Dimensions, Ratio and proportion; percentage; interpolation, Number operations:Number operations: addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, Basic arithmetic; Number sense:Units and Dimensions:Unit Conversions, Basic arithmetic; Number sense:Unit conversions, Rates, Average; weighted average, Basic arithmetic; Number sense
Excel Skills: Basic Arithmetic:Percent (format), Statistical Functions:One array:AVERAGE, Statistical Functions:One array, Statistical Functions, Basic Arithmetic:Simple Formulas, Basic Arithmetic
Subject: Environmental Science:Resource Use & Consequences:Water Quality & Quantity, Earth & Space Science, Ground & Surface Water, Environmental Science, Resource Use & Consequences

Salmon Use of Geomorphically Restored Streams at Point Reyes National Seashore part of Pedagogy in Action:Partners::Examples
Module by: Mark Rains, University of South Florida Cover Page by: Len Vacher and Denise Davis, University of South Florida
Spreadsheets Across the Curriculum module/Geology of National Parks course. Students work with salmon-trace streambed data to study whether removal of a spawning run barrier was effective

Quantitative Concepts: Basic arithmetic; Number sense:Comparisons; percent difference, change, increase, Measurement; Data presentation and analysis; Probability:Visual display of data :Bar graphs; column graphs; stacked bar graphs, Basic arithmetic; Number sense:Ratio and proportion; percentage; interpolation
Excel Skills: Graphs and Charts, Basic Arithmetic:Simple Formulas, Basic Arithmetic, Statistical Functions:One array:AVERAGE, Graphs and Charts:Bar Graph
Subject: Environmental Science:Ecosystem Monitoring, Resource Use & Consequences:Water Quality & Quantity, Environmental Science, Earth & Space Science:Ground & Surface Water, Earth & Space Science, Processes that Shape Earth's Surface

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